The ONLY Bluebird Found in Alabama! (ID Guide)

What types of bluebirds can you find in Alabama?

common bluebirds in alabama


Bluebirds are one of the most popular birds in Alabama and have captivated people’s interest and attention for a long time. These small birds, distinguished by their beautiful blue plumage, are actually part of the thrush family (Turdidae).


And while everyone WANTS to attract bluebirds to their backyard, it’s surprisingly challenging to get them to visit bird feeders. But don’t worry, if you keep reading, you will learn some proven tips you can implement today!


Below is the ONLY type of bluebird that lives in Alabama!


Do you want to learn more about bluebirds? If so, I have written a few other articles that you may enjoy! 🙂


Please let me know which bluebird species you have spotted before in the “Comments” section! 🙂


*The range maps below were generously shared with permission from The Birds of The World, published by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology. I use their site OFTEN to learn new information about birds!*


#1. Eastern Bluebird

eastern bluebird - types of bluebirds in alabama


Few birds are as pretty as an Eastern Bluebird. Thanks to their cheerful disposition and amazing beauty, these birds are always a pleasure to see, both for birders and non-birders alike!


Males are vibrant blue with a rusty chest and throat and fairly easy to identify. Females look similar, but the colors are much more subdued.


Eastern Bluebirds are common in Alabama in open areas.


Eastern Bluebird Range Map

eastern bluebird range map

Look for them in meadows, fields, cemeteries, golf courses, parks, backyards, and even Christmas tree farms!


The primary diet of these birds changes with the seasons. During warmer months, insects caught on the ground are their primary source of nutrition, such as beetles, crickets, and spiders. When bugs go away in winter, their diet switches to fruit and berries found on trees.


Can you attract Eastern Bluebirds to bird feeders?


The short answer is YES. You can attract these bluebirds to your backyard feeding station, as long as you make special provisions for them.


Here are two quick tips you can implement today!


#1. Provide foods that bluebirds will actually eat.

species of bluebirds in alabama


#2. Choose bird feeders that bluebirds will actually use.


You can also listen for Eastern Bluebirds!

Press PLAY above to hear an Eastern Bluebird!

These birds have a beautiful call. Listen for a liquid sounding warbling song that consists of 1—3 notes, which is typically given several times in a row.


It was once rare to see Eastern Bluebirds in Alabama!


Around 100 years ago, Eastern Bluebird populations started declining because of an extreme decrease in available nesting sites.


Here’s what happened:


Bluebirds are considered cavity nesters, which means they will only nest inside a fully enclosed cavity, except for the entrance hole. To complicate the issue, these birds are unable to make their own nest cavity. So in the wild, they only use holes in trees that were excavated by woodpeckers from seasons past.


bluebird using nest cavity


And over time, the availability of nesting sites decreased for the following reasons:


  • Humans typically cut down dead, rotting trees.

    • For aesthetic reasons, most people have dead trees cut down in their yard. But rotting trees are PERFECT for woodpeckers to excavate holes to build their nest cavities, which bluebirds use in subsequent years.


  • Old fence posts have been replaced with newer, hardier posts.

    • Wooden fence posts used to be excellent nesting sites for bluebirds after woodpeckers would hollow out cavities. But most of these wooden posts have now been replaced by metal posts, wire, or treated wood, which is harder for woodpeckers to excavate holes inside because it does not decay easily.


  • House Sparrows and European Starlings were introduced from Europe!

starling using bluebird nest box


But thanks to many dedicated people building nest boxes, bluebirds have recovered in Alabama!


The North American Bluebird Society has tirelessly promoted bluebird conservation to help bring public awareness to the nesting cavity issue, along with an incredible increase in knowledge about year-round requirements and behavior of all three bluebird species.


Where have you seen Eastern Bluebirds in Alabama before?


Leave a comment below!

3 responses to “The ONLY Bluebird Found in Alabama! (ID Guide)”

  1. Susan says:

    I just noticed this evening that there is a pair nesting in the corner of the patio of our house we moved to in August. They are using what was supposed to be a batbox as a birdhouse. I was talking about it and my grandson (who could care less about things like native wildflowers or native birds) said he had seen them lots of times. I said “bluebirds not blue jays, they have pink on their tummys and are small” he said yes, the blue jays are grayer (meaning a grayer blue). I hadnt been watching the birds in our yard but we border on a cattle pasture. We dont have a bird feeder because I cant stand seeing neighborhood cats waiting by the feeder.

  2. Sherry says:

    We are also seeing them. We also have the Eastern bluebirds. We’re in central Alabama.

  3. Mary Patterson says:

    For the first time here, we noticed what appears to be blue finches. There were about 12 in our rose bush. Blue all around, slight yellow beak, a little dark underwing and tail and not a puffy body.

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