13 Types of BIRDS Found on Jamaica! (COMMON)

Below you will find 13 COMMON BIRDS that live in Jamaica!

Types of birds in Jamaica

Believe it or not, over 320 species have been observed here, including many birds that only visit during migration. Because of the incredible variety, it would be impossible to list EVERY single type below.

So I did my best to come up with a list of the birds that are seen the MOST. Enjoy! 🙂

Common Birds of Jamaica:


#1. Yellow-crowned Night Heron

  • Nyctanassa violacea

Common birds of Jamaica

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Gray body and yellow legs. Large red eyes.
  • Black face with white cheeks and a thick black bill.
  • As the name suggests, a yellowish-white crown with long white plumes.

These birds look for areas in Jamaica with shallow water to live in, such as wooded swamps, marshes, mangroves, and other coastal areas. Yellow-crowned Night-Herons can be found near both fresh and saltwater, and crustaceans (crabs and crayfish) make up most of their diet.

They are comfortable living near humans and will even nest in wooded neighborhoods or rooftops. Also, they are usually easy to see because Yellow-crowned Night-Herons eat and hunt at any time of day.

Upon being disturbed, you will hear a harsh “quawk,” which will probably be repeated a few times. Listen below:


#2. Ruddy Turnstone

  • Arenaria interpres

Jamaica birds

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Breeding males have a chestnut and black pattern on the back, similar to a calico cat.
  • They have orange legs, which are brighter during the breeding season.

Ruddy Turnstones occupy different habitats each season. They nest along rocky coasts in the Arctic during the breeding season. While migrating, they visit plowed fields and shorelines of lakes. Finally, they congregate on rocky shorelines and beaches in the winter.

These beautiful shorebirds have a unique feeding style that earned them their name. They insert their bills under stones, shells, and other objects, flipping them over to find food underneath. Several Ruddy Turnstones may work together to flip a large object.

They will also probe under seaweed and other debris. Their low center of gravity and special feet with short, sharply curved toenails allow them to walk easily on wet and slippery rocks. WATCH BELOW!

YouTube video

#3. Laughing Gull

  • Leucophaeus atricilla

Birds of Jamaica

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Adults range from 39-46 cm (15.3-18.1 in) in length and have a 92-120 cm (36.2-47.2 in) wingspan.
  • Adults are medium gray above and white below with reddish-black legs.
  • Summer adults have a crisp black hood, white arcs around the eyes, and reddish bills, and in winter, the hood becomes a blurry gray mask on a white head.

Laughing Gulls are typically spotted in Jamaica in coastal areas like beaches, salt marshes, and mangroves.

Like many other gulls, Laughing Gulls are adept at foraging while walking, wading, swimming, or flying. Their food sources include crustaceans, insects, squid, human refuse, berries, fish, earthworms, snails, and the eggs of horseshoe crabs.

These gulls steal food from Brown Pelicans by landing on their heads and taking fish from their bill pouch. I’m sure the Brown Pelicans aren’t laughing when that happens!

YouTube video

#4. Northern Mockingbird

  • Mimus polyglottos

Types of birds in Jamaica

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Medium-sized grey songbird with a LONG, slender tail.
  • Distinctive white wing patches that are visible when in flight.

These birds are hard to miss in Jamaica!

First, Northern Mockingbirds LOVE to sing, and they almost never stop. Sometimes they will even sing through the entire night. If this happens to you, it’s advised to keep your windows closed if you want to get any sleep. 🙂

In addition, Northern Mockingbirds have bold personalities. For example, they commonly harass other birds by flying slowly around them and then approaching with their wings up, showing off their white wing patches.


#5. Common Ground Dove

  • Columbina passerina

common ground doves

Identifying Characteristics:

  • These doves are small, being only slightly larger than a sparrow!
  • They have a plain grey-brown back. The underparts have a pinkish tint to them.
  • Small heads with a scaled pattern on their breast and neck. Dark spots on the wings.

Common Ground Doves are typically easy to find in Jamaica. Look for them feeding on the ground beneath bird feeders, cleaning up the grains and other seeds that fall from above.

These doves primarily nest on the ground! Simple nests are built lined with a few types of grass, weeds, and other plant matter. Being on the ground, they can make an easy meal for many predators. Their primary defense is to blend into their surroundings and thick vegetation.

Common Ground Doves are relatively vocal. They can be heard at all times of the day and at any time of the year. Listen for a repeated, soft, high-pitched coo with a rising inflection.


#6. Brown Pelican

  • Pelecanus occidentalis

brown pelicans in Florida

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Brown skin on their giant throat patch.
  • Dark gray bodies with a white neck and pale yellow head.
  • Measures 3.5 – 5 feet in length (1 to 1.5 m) with a wingspan of 6.5 – 7.5 feet (2 to 2.3 m). The weight of adults can range from 4.4 to 11.0 lb (2 to 5 kg).

If you see a pelican in Jamaica while sitting on a beach, it is most likely a Brown Pelican. These large birds live strictly in saltwater habitats near the ocean’s coastline. Interestingly, they rarely venture into the open ocean, staying within 20 miles of the shore.

It’s a lot of fun watching Brown Pelicans hunting for fish! First, they fly high into the sky and then plunge aggressively headfirst into the water. These dives are meant to stun the surrounding fish, which then are scooped up with their enormous throat pouch and swallowed whole.

Check out the below video to learn more about their insane dives!

YouTube video

And lastly, they birds live a long time. The oldest Brown Pelican on record was 43 years of age!


#7. American Kestrel

  • Falco sparverius

common falcons

The American Kestrel is the smallest bird of prey in Jamaica.

But don’t let the tiny stature fool you because this raptor is an accomplished hunter. One of their favorite strategies to catch prey is to hover in the breeze from a relatively low height, looking for insects, invertebrates, small rodents, and birds.

Their diverse diet is one reason they can occupy ecological niches from central Alaska down to the southernmost tip of South America. But life can be tough when you’re the smallest falcon since they are sometimes eaten as prey by larger raptors and big snakes!


#8. Bananaquit

  • Coereba flaveola

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Adults range from 10-13 cm (4-5 in) long.
  • Most adults have dark gray upperparts, a black crown, and a yellow chest, belly, and rump.

Bananaquits have something in common with many humans I know – a sweet tooth! Also known as “sugar birds” in Jamaica, this species is attracted to nectar feeders and bowls of sugar. They even enter homes looking for sweet treats.

Bananaquits are small, colorful, and known for adapting easily to human habitats. They like fruit and nectar, so they spend a lot of time near humans near flower gardens or fruit trees.

This species’ reliance on humans doesn’t stop with their diet. They often build their nests on human-made objects, including lampposts and garden trellises. Look for a globe-shaped tangle of sticks and leaves between 5 and 30 feet (1.5 to 9 m) off the ground.


#9. Magnificent Frigatebird

  • Fregata magnificens

magnificent frigatebird

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Long, narrow wings with a deeply forked tail.
  • Males have a red throat patch, which is easily seen during the breeding season.
  • Females have a white breast patch.

As the name implies, seeing these seabirds soaring effortlessly in the sky is quite “magnificent.” Using their forked tails to steer, they barely have to flap to stay afloat in the sky.

Due to the fact that their feathers are not waterproof like other seabirds, Magnificent Frigatebirds rarely land in the water and spend almost their entire lives flying. For food, they commonly steal fish from other birds or harass them until they regurgitate their meal, which they grab in midair! Their pirating ways have earned frigatebirds the nickname the “man-o-war bird.”

With Magnificent Frigatebirds, the “early bird” does not get the worm! Most individuals don’t take flight until later in the afternoon when thermals and winds are at their greatest. 🙂


#10. Zenaida Dove

  • Zenaida aurita

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Approximately 28–30 cm (11–12 in) in length.
  • While flying, look for white plumage on the inner part of the wing.

Zenaida Doves look VERY similar to Mourning Doves and inhabit the same ecological niches. The main difference is that Zenaida Doves are smaller overall, slightly darker in color, and have a shorter, more rounded tail. Look for these birds in Jamaica in open, coastal habitats on the ground, feeding on seeds and grains.

A Zenaida Doves mournful song also sounds similar to a Mourning Dove but is faster in pace. You can listen below!


#11. Royal Tern

  • Thalasseus maximus

Terns in Florida

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Adults range from 45-50 cm (17.7-19.7 in) in length and have a 100-110 cm (39.4-43.3 in) wingspan.
  • Breeding adults are gray below and white above.
  • They have a black crest and a bright orange bill.

Royal Terns spend their lives in warm coastal waters. They’re frequently spotted in sheltered areas with shallow water, such as estuaries, bays, lagoons, and sandy beaches. They occasionally travel out to sea or inland, especially when feeding young, but stay within 80 km (50 mi) of the coast.

Breeding pairs of Royal Terns choose a site and build their nests together. The nests are simple scrapes in the earth. But, they have an unusual way of strengthening their nests. They defecate around the rim of the nest, and as it hardens, it reinforces the nest rim and helps keep it from flooding.


#12. Gray Kingbird

  • Tyrannus dominicensis

gray kingbird

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Grayish bird with a whitish belly.
  • Dark mask on the face that goes through the eye and cheek.
  • Tail typically appears notched.

These birds are a lot of fun to watch in Jamaica!

Gray Kingbirds are bold and expert hunters. They are known to chase dragonflies and other insects for over a hundred yards in spectacular fashion, reminiscent of a fighter pilot!

Gray Kingbirds are fairly easy to find due to their raucous and memorable voice. Listen for a rolling pitirre call anytime throughout the year.


#13. Greater Antillean Grackle

  • Quiscalus niger

greater antillean grackle

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Males are glossy black with a tail that resembles a rudder.
  • Females are black as well but less glossy. Smaller tails than males.
  • Yellow eyes.

Greater Antillean Grackles are often found near people in Jamaica, hanging around hoping to receive leftover food! These bold birds can become surprisingly tame, even going into restaurants.

Just like other grackles, this species is highly gregarious. You will most likely never see a Greater Antillean Grackle alone.


Which of these birds have you seen before in Jamaica?

Leave a COMMENT below! 🙂


Learn more about other creatures in Jamaica:

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