What types of orioles can you find in Alberta?

common orioles in alberta

 

Few birds get me as excited as seeing Baltimore Orioles in my backyard each spring, either sipping grape jelly or feeding on orange halves. It’s no wonder these beautiful blackbirds (Yes, all orioles are part of the Icteridae family and considered blackbirds 🙂 ) draw so much attention and are a favorite amongst many people, both birders and non-birders alike.

 

Below are the 2 types of orioles that live in Alberta!

 

Make sure to pay attention to the range maps below to see which orioles live near you! For each species, I have included a few photographs, along with their most common sounds, to help you identify any birds you are lucky enough to observe.

 


#1. Baltimore Oriole

species of orioles in alberta

 

Nothing marks the return of spring quite like the whistling song of the Baltimore Oriole. Male birds, being a stunning combination of orange and black with white wing bars, are unmistakable. Females are beautiful in their own way, featuring duller colors than the males while lacking a black hood and back.

 

Baltimore Oriole Range Map

baltimore oriole range map

 

These birds spend most of their time at the tops of deciduous trees, fluttering around, building beautiful woven nests, and looking for food. They are most often found in open woodlands, riverbanks, and on the edges of swamps and forests. Even though they enjoy trees, they normally aren’t seen in deep, dark forests.

 

Baltimore Orioles LOVE eating ripe fruit and nectar!

 

These two sugary foods provide lots of energy, while insects give them the nutrition they need.

 

Baltimore Orioles are common in parts of Alberta. And luckily, these birds are relatively easy to attract to your bird feeders, as long as you use the foods they enjoy eating.

Baltimore Orioles in MY Backyard!

 

Try using one of these strategies below:

 

  • Ripe fruit, such as bananas, cherries, grapes, or various berries. Orioles are attracted to the color orange, so putting out orange slices works best in my backyard.

 

  • Grape jelly, placed in a cup, is a treat that orioles find hard to resist. You may also see catbirds and woodpeckers sampling the jelly.

 

 

  • I have also seen Baltimore Orioles eating suet and sunflower seeds in my backyard.

 

Press PLAY above to hear a Baltimore Oriole singing!

 

Baltimore Orioles are often heard before being seen since they live so high up in trees. Listen for males to make a flutelike whistling noise while defending their breeding territory. Females also sing, but it’s shorter and used to communicate with her mate.

 

Scientific Name: Icterus galbula

 


#2. Bullock’s Oriole

types of orioles in

 

Bullock’s Orioles are common in southern Alberta. Look for them in open woodlands or parks, where there are large trees spaced out a bit.

 

Males are bright orange and easily identified by a black line that runs across their eyes and a black throat. Females look different and have a yellowish head, chest, and tail with a grayish body.

bullocks oriole on bird feeder

 

A unique skill that Bullock’s Orioles display is their ability to hang upside down for extended periods of time. They do this behavior while searching for insects or building their exquisite woven nests.

 

Bullock’s Oriole Range Mapbullocks oriole range map

 

You can try to attract these birds to your backyard by offering sugary foods, which help them replenish energy after a long migration from Mexico. Like other oriole species, the best foods to use are orange slices, jelly, and nectar.

 

Press PLAY above to hear a Bullock’s Oriole singing!

 

There is a lot of individual variation with the songs of Bullock’s Orioles. But in general, listen for clear, flutelike whistles that are around 3 seconds long, and often interspersed with rattles.

 

Scientific Name: Icterus bullockii

 


Do you need help attracting orioles?

 

Try reading this article that I wrote. It should help!

 


Which of these orioles have you seen before in Alberta?

 

Leave a comment below!

 


To learn more about birds that live near you, check out these other guides!

 

*The range maps you will see above were generously shared with permission from The Birds of The World, published by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology. I use their site OFTEN to learn new information about birds!*