2 Fierce PREDATORS found in Mauritania! (2024)

What are the different kinds of PREDATORS found in Mauritania?

Types of predators in Mauritania

These are often the first animals you think of when you imagine visiting Mauritania! The exciting, beautiful, and sometimes terrifying carnivores are some of the most fun to learn about. 🙂

In this article, you’ll find interesting facts, photos, and even range maps of these amazing animals!

2 Predators Found in Mauritania:


#1. African Wolf

  • Canis lupaster

Types of predators in Mauritania

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Adults stand about 40 cm (16 in) tall at the shoulder.
  • They have relatively long pointed snouts and ears, comparatively short tails, and robust teeth.
  • They’re yellowish to silvery gray with reddish legs, black speckling on their tails and shoulders, and some white markings on their faces, throats, and abdomens.

Look for this carnivore during the day in Mauritania in grassland areas.

African Wolves have an extensive range, and their appearance and size vary with location. They usually center their territory around a den, often made from a modified aardvark or warthog den, where the female will have her pups.

African Wolves have flexible social structures that are largely dictated by prey availability. Each pack consists of a monogamous breeding pair that remains together constantly. It also includes current offspring and previous generations that help to raise their siblings.

These wolves can be formidable predators in Mauritania, sometimes taking prey up to three times their own weight. However, they usually go after much smaller animals.

Pairs of wolves often hunt gazelle fawns and other small mammals like cane rats and ground squirrels. They also consume fruit, snakes, and insects. Interestingly, during the wildebeest calving season, African Wolves feed almost exclusively on wildebeest afterbirth.


#2. Rüppell’s Fox

  • Vulpes rueppellii

Types of predators in Mauritania

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Adults are 66 to 74 cm (26 to 29 in) long.
  • They have slender bodies and long, bushy tails with white tips.
  • Coloration is buff or sandy colored with white hairs in their dense undercoat and gray markings on their faces, but there are some gray morphs in rocky areas.

Rüppell’s Foxes are one of the most resourceful predators in Mauritania.

Because Red Foxes often get the best territory, these smaller foxes have become highly adapted to inhospitably dry deserts. They’re nocturnal hunters, and they feed on almost anything that crosses their path. While they’re primarily insectivores, they’ll consume anything they can grab and eat, including small mammals and roots.

Their fur closely matches the substrate where they’re located, camouflaging them from predators such as Steppe Eagles and Eagle Owls. Rüppell’s Foxes also have a fascinating, skunk-like defense mechanism. When threatened, they will hump their back, raise their tail, and spray their attacker with a foul secretion from their anal gland.

Living in such harsh conditions, Rüppell’s Foxes have gained a reputation as incredibly tough survivalists. There’s even a legend that these foxes can drink water from the wind by keeping their head in a breeze. That’s quite a reputation for such a tiny animal!


Check out these other guides about animals found in Mauritania!


Which of these predators have you seen before in Mauritania?

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