16 COMMON Snakes Found in Victoria! (2024)

Do you want to learn about the types of snakes in Victoria?

Types of snakes in Victoria

If so, you have come to the right place. In the article below, I have listed the most common snakes you can expect to see. For each species, you will find out how to identify that snake correctly, along with pictures and interesting facts!

You’ll see that the snakes that live in Victoria are very different from each other. They range from incredibly venomous species to snakes that use constriction to immobilize their prey. In addition, certain snakes are common to find living around people.

16 COMMON types of snakes in Victoria:


#1. Tiger Snake

  • Notechis scutatus

Also known as the Mainland Tiger Snake.

Common Victoria snakes

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Adults can reach 120 cm (47 in) long. As their name suggests, their bodies are covered by bands resembling tigerskin.
  • Morph #1 (Common): Olive, green, or brown with cream-colored crossbands
  • Morph #2 (Western): Dark blue or black with yellow bands
  • Morph #3 (Chappell Island): Black, brown, or olive with lighter bands
  • Morph #4 (King Island and Tasmanian): Deep black with light crossbands or a uniform brown with no banding
  • Morph #5 (Southern Peninsulas): Black with white chin and lips

The Tiger Snake is the 4th most venomous snake in Victoria!

Keep a watchful eye out for these snakes while trekking in coastal regions. These ground-dwellers love to bask in the sun or rest under fallen trees. But, incredibly, they’re just as adept at swimming and climbing as they are on the ground.

If cornered, this reptile will lift and flatten its forebody before swiftly striking. It can be aggressive toward humans, so keep your distance.

The bite of a Tiger Snake warrants an immediate trip to the hospital. You may initially experience numbness, profuse sweating, or difficulty breathing if you’re bitten. Unfortunately, victims have only about a 50% survival rate without treatment.


#2. Carpet Python

  • Morelia spilota

Also known as the Diamond Python.

Common snakes found in Victoria

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Adults are 200-400 cm (79-157 in) long. Males are smaller than females.
  • Their heads are triangular with rounded snouts.
  • Their coloring can be olive, yellow, white, brown, or black. They often have blotches, dark borders, or a series of diamonds and streaks.

Lurking in trees at night, the Carpet Python is one of the most common snakes in Victoria. It frequents forests and rocky lowlands, although occasionally, you might find one on the ground basking in the sun.

Rodents, lizards, frogs, and fledgling birds are some of this species’ favorite meals. Additionally, Carpet Pythons are known to eat small dogs and house cats. So, remember to keep your pets inside! These snakes immobilize their prey by coiling their powerful bodies around it and then swallowing it whole. But they can easily use their sharp fangs as a tool, even though they aren’t venomous.

Thankfully, Carpet Pythons are generally harmless to humans. In fact, they’re famous among exotic pet keepers. But be careful! Though usually mild-mannered, these snakes can still deliver a painful bite with fangs that curve backward.


#3. Eastern Brown Snake

  • Pseudonaja textiles

Also known as the Common Brown Snake.

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Adults are 150-200 cm (59-79 in) long.
  • They have rounded snouts and long, tapered tails.
  • Coloration includes shades of brown or olive with pale undersides. Some specimens are dark gray.

This unassuming species is the world’s second-deadliest snake! In addition to being incredibly dangerous, Eastern Brown Snakes are very common in Victoria. This combination means that this species regularly kills more people than any other.

Toxins in the Eastern Brown Snake’s venom will attack your circulatory system, causing internal bleeding and cardiac arrest. And don’t be complacent with juveniles because their venom packs an extra punch. It has less yield, but it’s more potent! Seek medical attention immediately if you’re bitten.

If you spend time in this species’ territory, keep your eyes on the ground and look for their raised heads. Eastern Brown Snakes often poke their heads out of the grass to survey their surroundings. This is how they find skinks, mice, and geckos to feed on. Despite their incredible speed, they prefer not to chase after prey. Instead, these clever snakes wait outside their victims’ burrows and corner them. Then, after a long day of hunting, they retreat into crevices.


#4. Red-bellied Black Snake

  • Pseudechis porphyriacus

Also known as the Australian Black Snake and the Common Black Snake.

Types of snakes in Victoria

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Adults grow to 125 cm (49 in) long on average.
  • They have broad heads. Their snouts are pale and rounded.
  • Made obvious by their name, these snakes are typically black with reddish undersides. Their flanks are bright red or orange.

Red-bellied Black Snakes wander into urban areas in Victoria frequently.

Red-bellied Black Snakes typically stay close to bodies of water. There, they feast on frogs, fish, and eels. These clever snakes have figured out that they can lure out their prey by disturbing the sediment at the bottom of a stream or lake.

This species is highly venomous, but there are no recorded human deaths from its bite. They’re usually not aggressive. However, a cornered snake will not hesitate to strike repeatedly, and they’re extremely quick. Its venom can cause pain around the wound, excessive bleeding, and abdominal discomfort. Curiously, some bite victims also lose their sense of smell.


#5. Lowlands Copperhead

  • Austrelaps superbus

Also known as the Copperhead Snake and Common Copperhead.

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Adults are 100-150 cm (39-59 in) long.
  • Their heads are small and narrow, and they have distinct, raised scales.
  • They are typically reddish-brown to copper. Some individuals are shades of gray.

You’ll find the highly venomous Lowlands Copperhead near Victoria’s freshwater scrublands, swamps, and marshes. Sometimes, they wander into urban settlements in search of food, so stay alert!

Lowlands Copperheads have a taste for frogs and lizards, but they sometimes cannibalize their own kind. When they’re not hunting, they take refuge in abandoned animal burrows. Unlike other snakes, they can tolerate colder temperatures and are active even during winter.

Though otherwise shy, Lowlands Copperheads will hiss and thrash when approached. Their bites can cause a loss of consciousness, convulsions, and even death. Luckily, the same antivenom used for Tiger Snake bites works just as well against this species. So if you’re bitten, get medical help right away!


#6. Small-eyed Snake

  • Cryptophis nigrescens

Also known as the Short-tailed Snake and Eastern Small-eyed Snake.

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Adults are 50 cm (20 in) long on average.
  • True to their name, they have small, unremarkable eyes and flat, rectangular heads.
  • Their coloring is black or dark blue with a glossy sheen. The undersides are pale cream or pinkish.

Look for Small-eyed Snakes in Victoria in humid, wet rainforests.

They also lurk in craggy outcrops near wooded areas. You should even be cautious in the suburbs! Residents report frequent sightings of this snake in their gardens.

Active at night, Small-eyed Snakes feed on geckos, lizards, and even smaller snakes. By morning, they take shelter in rock crevices and fallen logs. Then, dozens of these snakes hibernate together in tight spaces to preserve body heat during winter.

The Small-eyed Snake is a shy species, preferring not to bite even when disturbed. Instead, it will thrash around violently to intimidate an attacker. Regardless, you should take care not to get bitten. This snake’s venom is potent enough to result in kidney failure!


#7. Bandy Bandy

  • Vermicella annulata

Also known as the Hoop Snake and Eastern Bandy-Bandy.

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Adults are 50-60 cm (20-24 in) long.
  • They have small heads and blunt-tipped tails.
  • Color patterns are alternating black and white stripes along the snake’s body.

The Bandy Bandy is a small and harmless snake endemic to Victoria.

You can cup them easily in your hands! They live far and wide: from dense forests to arid regions with little vegetation and woodlands near suburbs. These adorable snakes come out in droves on humid nights or after a good rain.

As a nocturnal hunter, the Bandy Bandy spends its day resting in burrows or underneath tree stumps. It has a specialized diet consisting entirely of blind snakes. Funnily, you might spot a Bandy Bandy with prey larger than itself poking out of its mouth. After a full meal, this snake can go for months before eating again.

Bandy Bandy snakes elevate their bodies off the ground in loops when threatened. The reason for this display is unclear, though scientists believe that it confuses predators such as owls.


#8. Curl Snake

  • Suta suta

Also known as the Myall.

Credit (left image): Max Tibby, (right image): Max Tibby, via Wikimedia Commons

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Adults are 40-60 cm (16-24 in) long.
  • They have flat heads and broad snouts, and a stripe passes through their snouts, connecting both eyes.
  • They are varying shades of brown, but their heads are marked with a dark-colored patch.

Curl Snakes in Victoria inhabit forests and grasslands.

Watch where you’re walking! You never know when one is hiding among the leaf litter. These snakes forage for food at night, then retreat to the safety of rocky crevices when the day breaks.

These reptiles have an appetite for skinks, geckos, and legless lizards. As their name implies, Curl Snakes coil their bodies into a spring to protect their heads when they feel threatened. Unlike most snakes, females of this species give birth to live babies, normally in litters of 1-7.

A bite from the Curl Snake isn’t likely to cause serious damage. However, they are venomous, and little is known about their effects, so seek medical treatment if you get bitten. Thankfully, these snakes are usually calm and tend to avoid humans.


#9. Highlands Copperhead

  • Austrelaps ramsayi

Also known as the Pygmy Copperhead.

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Adults reach 113 cm (44 in) long.
  • They have thickly muscled bodies and fairly small heads.
  • They are different shades of brown or gray, with pale yellow bellies.

The Highlands Copperhead enjoys the cool, high-altitude forests of Victoria. It resides in swampy and forested lands, often hiding in thick clumps of grass. Be especially wary near the edges of creeks, large stones, and fallen trees.

Highlands Copperheads usually feast on frogs and lizards but occasionally cannibalize their own kind. These snakes climb trees to bask in the sunlight when they’re not foraging for food.

Avoid Highlands Copperheads at all costs, as these highly venomous snakes can send you to the hospital. Thankfully, they’re rather reclusive, actively avoiding human-populated areas. Nevertheless, a cornered snake will loudly hiss and flail its flattened body, so respect the warning and back away.


#10. Little Whip Snake

  • Parasuta flagellum (synonymous with Suta flagellum)

Also known as the Whip Hooded Snake.

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Adults grow to 45 cm (18 in) long.
  • They have a black patch on their heads that resembles a miniature helmet.
  • Their coloring ranges from light to dark brown, with cream-colored undersides.

Many consider the Little Whip Snake the cutest snake in Victoria!

It’s a nocturnal species, preying mostly on small frogs and lizards. You’ll find this snake in grassy and wooded regions, hiding under rock slabs to evade predators.

In winter, Little Whip Snakes hibernate in groups to conserve heat. They’re listed as a vulnerable species because of habitat destruction and because domestic cats and dogs hunt them. So if you spot one of these threatened snakes, leave it be.

The venom of the Little Whip Snake is too mild to harm humans seriously. But, of course, that doesn’t mean you can be careless with this snake! Timid as it is, this reptile can still inflict a painful bite if irritated. It might also fling its body and release a foul smell to get you to back off.


#11. Mallee Black-backed Snake

  • Parasuta nigriceps

Also known as Mitchell’s Short-Tailed Snake.

Credit: Matt via Wikimedia Commons

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Adults grow up to 40 cm (16 in) long.
  • They have a black patch on their heads, from the nape down to the nose.
  • They are typically brown-colored, with creamy white undersides.

Mallee Black-backed Snakes are native to Victoria. Normally, you can find them in semiarid savannas and woodlands. Skinks and geckos are their usual prey, but they also engage in cannibalism if given a chance.

Due to their small size, Mallee Black-backed Snakes are vulnerable to predators. To protect themselves, they take cover inside fallen timber and abandoned burrows. Their body coloring also helps them camouflage among dead leaves.

The Mallee Black-backed Snakes’ venom effectively subdues their prey but is harmless to humans. They are extremely docile and unlikely to bite even if you pick them up. However, avoiding them altogether is best because they resemble other venomous species. That’s one identity mix-up you don’t want to make!


#12. Prong-snouted Blind Snake

  • Anilios bituberculatus
Credit (left image): Scott Eipper/Nature 4 You, (right image): Sam Gordon, via Wikimedia Commons

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Adults are 30-45 cm (12-18 in) long.
  • Their heads are indistinct from their bodies, and they have pin-prick eyes and drooping snouts.
  • They are shiny brown in color. You might easily mistake them for earthworms!

It’s difficult to find the unusual-looking Prong-snouted Blind Snake in Victoria.

This is an incredibly elusive species whose range isn’t fully known. What we do know is that it can thrive in many habitats, including grassland and coastal regions.

Prong-snouted Blind Snakes are burrowers, spending the majority of their lives underground. They only come out to the surface on warm, humid nights. These clever snakes stay near ant tunnels and termite mounds to hunt down prey. When a group of insects returns to their home, the snake picks them off one by one!

With their unusually-shaped mouths, Prong-snouted Blind Snakes aren’t capable of biting. They’re non-venomous and entirely harmless to humans. Even so, you’d be smart not to poke them. They can expel an offensive odor from their anal glands or use their spined tails to prick you.


#13. Shield-snouted Brown Snake

  • Pseudonaja aspidorhyncha

Also known as the Strap-snouted Brown Snake, Longman’s Brown Snake, Gow’s Brown Snake, and McCoy’s Brown Snake.

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Adults are 130-150 cm (51-59 in) long.
  • They have narrow heads and chisel-shaped snouts.
  • Their bodies are light to medium brown, sometimes grayish. Their bellies are yellow-white.

Shield-snouted Brown Snakes in Victoria prefer dry woodlands and stony deserts.

Keep your eyes open when you’re out for a walk! Sometimes, these reptiles wander into suburban communities. Although primarily active in the daytime, they can adapt to nocturnal life in hotter seasons.

Their diets include small mammals, birds, and lizards. Shield-snouted Brown Snakes have sharp vision and can catch even the slightest of movements. Once they secure a bite, these fast-moving snakes quickly coil around their prey while their venom takes effect.

The bite of a Shield-snouted Brown Snake can be life-threatening. Its venom attacks a person’s nervous system, leading to cardiac arrest in serious cases. Fortunately, this species prefers to flee in the presence of humans. But remember, a cornered snake will not hesitate to strike, so keep your distance!


#14. White-lipped Snake

  • Drysdalia coronoides

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Adults grow up to 40 cm (16 in) long. They have slender bodies with tapered tails.
  • Their body coloring is light brown to dark olive. Some have orange bellies.
  • As their name suggests, they have a prominent white line above their lips. This line runs parallel to a black one, reaching behind their jaws at both sides of the head.

You can find White-lipped Snakes in Victoria near grassy and forested regions.

Impressively, White-lipped Snakes can withstand the bitter cold! You might cross paths with one while hiking on Mount Kosciuszko, the continent’s tallest mountain. Because of their small bodies, these snakes are more agile and can generate heat through movement.

Typically reclusive, White-lipped Snakes will quickly flee if you approach them. Most of the time, their venom is too mild to harm healthy adults. However, some people can be more sensitive to its venom, so getting medical help is still important if you’re bitten.


#15. Yellow-faced Whip Snake

  • Demansia psammophis

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Adults are 80 cm (31 in) long on average.
  • They have slim bodies, long tails, and narrow heads. Look for a dark curve below their snouts.
  • Their coloring is olive green, brown, or gray with white undersides.

Yellow-faced Whip Snakes are scattered throughout Victoria, from open forests to dry scrublands. Some even slither into farmlands and suburban backyards, so pay attention if you’re out gardening!

During winter, Yellow-faced Whip Snakes gather tightly in rock crevices to preserve body heat. In addition, they lay their eggs communally for the same reason. These nests are located in deep holes and can contain up to 200 eggs.

With impressive speed and excellent eyesight, these daytime foragers pursue frogs and lizards. Young Yellow-faced Whip Snakes constrict their prey, but as they grow older, they learn to let their venom do most of the work. If you try to approach one, it will hastily run for cover. While painful, the bite of this species isn’t dangerous to healthy adults.


#16. Bardick

  • Echiopsis curta

Also known as the Desert Snake.

Credit (left image): em_lamond via iNaturalist.org, Rémi Bigonneau via Wikimedia Commons

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Adults are about 40 cm (16 in) long.
  • They have thick bodies, very short tails, and broad heads. Look for white flecks on their lips.
  • Their coloring is reddish brown to gray, growing lighter at the sides. Their undersides are white or cream.

Be careful where you tread! The Bardick Snake has a knack for camouflaging among dead leaves, so you might accidentally step on one. These reptiles reside in wooded and grassy areas. It’s common to find them flattened out in the grass, basking in the morning sun.

When finding a meal, patience pays off for these sneaky snakes. Instead of tracking down their prey, they stay motionless, waiting for unsuspecting frogs and lizards to come within striking distance. Finally, after a night of hunting, Bardicks return to their dens under fallen trees or flat rocks.

Normally mild-tempered, this species can become surprisingly fierce when provoked. Not much is known about the danger of a Bardick’s bite. However, their venom is similar to that of the deadly Common Death Adder. Stay away!


Do you want to learn more about animals in Victoria?

Check out these other guides!


Which of these snakes have you seen before in Victoria?

Leave a COMMENT below!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

2 Comments

  1. I live in a small town near Wangaratta
    I have just seen (first time ever)been here for 26 years, a
    Small Eyed Snake. juvenile I would think. 12 inches long, grey body and a black head. very upset at being moved along into the paddock, away from our dog.