9 MOST Common SPIDERS Found in Montenegro! (2024)

What kinds of spiders can you find in Montenegro?

Types of spiders in Montenegro

Many people are terrified of spiders and find them extremely creepy. This is unfortunate because not only are most spiders completely harmless, they are crucial to our environment by controlling the insect population. In fact, without spiders, our food supply would be in serious jeopardy.

Before we begin, I want you to know that the list below is just a fraction of the spider species found in Montenegro. Because of the sheer number of these arachnids, it would be impossible to cover them all. For example, some estimates claim there are over 50,000 kinds of spiders on the planet (and the list is still growing)!

With that being said, I did my best to develop a list of spiders that are MOST often seen and easily identified.

9 SPIDERS found in Montenegro!


#1. Cross Orbweaver

  • Araneus diadematus

Common Montenegro spiders

Also known as the European Garden Spider, Cross Spider, Orangie, or Pumpkin Spider.

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Colors range from extremely light yellow to very dark grey.
  • All individuals have white markings across the top of the abdomen, with four or more segments forming a cross (LOOK AT THE PICTURE ABOVE).
  • Females range in length from 6.5 to 20 mm, while males range from 5.5 to 13 mm.

 

Cross Orbweavers are one of the most well-known spiders in Montenegro.

 

These spiders are common in many habitats, including forest clearings, hedgerows, meadows, and gardens. They are also seen near humans, such as near buildings or lighted stairwells. Cross Orbweavers typically hang upside down at the center of their spiral webs.

Cross Orbweaver Range Map

cross orbweaver range map

Interestingly, when approached, they start shaking and vibrating their web in hopes of startling the perceived intruder. If this fails, then the spider will typically drop straight down out of sight. Luckily, Cross Orbweavers are not aggressive and typically only bite when accidentally grabbed. Bite symptoms include mild pain, redness, and swelling that lasts for a few days.

 

Believe it or not, these common spiders build a new web EVERY DAY. Yes, they eat the entire web every night and then begin construction on a new one. And lastly, if you are a male Cross Orbweaver, you must be careful with females, as you will often be eaten directly after mating!

 


#2. European Nursery Web Spider

  • Pisaura mirabilis

Common spiders found in Montenegro

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Slender abdomen with LONG legs (the fourth one is the longest).
  • Colors range from light to reddish brown and from gray to black. A lighter stripe is visible down the middle of the back.
  • The male is between 10 and 13 mm, while the female is 12 to 15 mm.

 

These spiders are commonly found in Montenegro in tall grass, shrubs, or along the edges of woodlands.

 

Looking similar to wolf spiders, European Nursery Web Spiders get their name for how females protect their egg sacs. After carrying the egg sac in her mouth for a bit, she hides it under a leaf and spins a protective silk enclosure around the egg sac. From there, she sticks around to protect the babies until after their first molt. 🙂

 

European Nursery Web Spiders have a fascinating mating ritual! First, males find a gift, such as a dead insect, to offer to a prospective female. Then, after presenting the gift, the female will bite onto the gift if she is interested. From there, the male will move to deposit sperm with his pedipalps. WATCH THIS BEHAVIOR BELOW (and to see if the male survives)!

YouTube video

 

Interestingly, during copulation, the male almost ALWAYS keeps a leg on the gift, just in case the female decides to run away with it or attack him. If the female does change her mind about mating and starts to show aggression, the male typically will pretend to play dead until she calms down, at which point he may try mating again. The things spiders will do for love!

 


#3. Pink Crab Spider

  • Thomisus onustus

Spiders of Montenegro

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Females measure 7–11 mm. Males are much smaller and range between lengths of 2–4 mm.
  • Females are pink, yellow, or white. Males are brown to green-yellow.
  • Both sexes have a triangular-shaped body.

 

The best places to find Pink Crab Spiders in Montenegro are on flowers or other vegetation that is low to the ground.

They differ from other similar species in that they prefer to sit in the center of flowers, as opposed to the petals.

Pink Crab Spider Range Map

pink crab spider range map

Pink Crab Spiders don’t use webs to catch their prey. Instead, they sit and wait inside flowers for something to eat. Once a suitable victim comes by, they use their long forelegs to ambush it and make the kill. Interestingly, when insects are in short supply, such as during bad weather, they eat pollen and nectar to avoid starvation.

 

Lastly, they have developed a mutualistic relationship with certain plant species as these spiders feed on and help deter harmful insects. In fact, some plants even release an emission after being attacked that attracts Pink Crab Spiders in the hopes they feed on the intruder(s).

 


#4. Radiated Wolf Spider

  • Hogna radiata

Types of spiders in Montenegro

Wolf spiders are one of the most recognizable spiders in Montenegro!

 

They are found everywhere and in almost any habitat. I know that I see them often when flipping over rocks or logs. Unfortunately, there are so many individual species of wolf spiders that it would be impossible to list them here, especially since most look very similar.

 

But the most common wolf spider in Montenegro is the Radiated Wolf Spider (Hogna radiata).

 

Interestingly, wolf spiders do not make webs to catch their prey. Instead, they wait for an insect to walk by and then chase it down using their incredible eyesight! They also have retroreflective tissue in their eyes, which produces a glow if you flash light on their face.

Radiated Wolf Spider Range Map

Wolf Spiders will bite if provoked, but they do not always inject venom. Therefore, they are not considered dangerous to humans. Bite symptoms are minimal and may cause itching, swelling, and mild pain.

 


#5. Wasp Spider

  • Argiope bruennichi

wasp spider

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Striking yellow and black markings across its body.
  • The legs also have stripes.
  • Females are around 17 mm. Males measure less than 5 mm.

 

This species is one of the most recognizable spiders in Montenegro!

 

These spiders get their name from their unique coloration, which is meant to resemble a wasp. Predators tend to leave them alone since they think they will be messing with a fierce stinging insect. 🙂

 

Wasp Spiders make beautiful orb-shaped webs in the morning. Interestingly, they construct a distinctive zig-zag pattern in the center of the web, which is thought to help attract insects by reflecting UV light. Look for them in sunny, open fields or gardens.

wasp spider zig zag

Despite their bright coloring, Wasp Spiders are not dangerous to humans. They are not aggressive and will only bite if seriously provoked.

 


#6. Half-edged Wall Jumping Spider

  • Menemerus semilimbatus

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Yellowish or greyish with a pattern of several white V-shaped markings.
  • Large, forward-facing eyes. Covered in grayish-white hairs.
  • Females are about 6.5–8.4 mm long, with males being slightly smaller.

 

These jumping spiders are usually found in Montenegro living near humans.

 

Half-edged Jumping Spiders seem to benefit from the artificial environments created by backyard gardens. Look for them on flat surfaces, such as the sides of buildings or fence posts, which provide perfect areas for them to hunt prey. They are even comfortable living inside houses. 🙂

 

Like all jumping spiders, this species does not make webs. Instead, Half-edged Wall Jumping Spiders have excellent eyesight to actively locate their next meal. They also have the unique ability to jump, which they use to pounce on prey or leap from plant to plant.

 


#7. Lobed Argiope

  • Argiope lobata

Identifying Characteristics:

  • The female’s abdomen has black and white stripes and appears jagged, or as many people say, “lobed.”
  • Males have the same coloration but don’t have the lobes on the abdomen.
  • Females are large and grow up to 25 mm long. Males are much smaller and only measure around 6 mm.

 

It’s hard to miss a female Lobed Argiope if you come across one. In addition to being incredibly large, they have a unique body shape and coloration that make them stand out. They are usually found in bushes in warm rocky areas that are dry and sunny.

Lobed Argiope Range Map

lobed argiope range map

Make sure to look at the center of their web, as you should see a zig-zag stabilimenta, which is a silk-shaped web decoration. Scientists aren’t exactly sure what the purpose is of having a stabilimenta, but the dominant theory is that it helps attract insects to the web by reflecting UV light. Interestingly, it is said that after E. B. White observed a stabilimenta in a spider’s web, he was inspired with the idea of a writing spider for his book Charlotte’s Web.

 

Despite its intense appearance, the venom from a Lobed Argiope bite is not dangerous to humans.

 


#8. Marbled Cellar Spider

  • Holocnemus pluchei

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Legs are thin, long, and fragile.
  • Black and white circles wrap around the leg joints.
  • The bodies of both sexes range in size from 5-7.5 mm.

 

The best place to find a Marbled Cellar Spider in Montenegro is in your house!

 

They are commonly found living in the corners of basements and attics. You have nothing to fear, though, as even though they have venom to subdue their prey, their jaws are not strong to bite a human.

Marbled Cellar Spider Range Map

marbled cellar spider range map

These spiders display an interesting behavior where individuals will join together and share an existing web. In addition, most spiders will migrate to many different webs over their lifetime. It’s been observed that Marbled Cellar Spiders living together in groups have a smaller abdomen, which means they are probably eating less than if they were by themselves. But the trade-off is that they don’t have the energetic costs of making their own web.

 

It has actually been very hard for researchers to figure out the lifespan of a Marbled Cellar Spider because of their habit of migrating to new webs!

 


#9. Triangulate Combfoot

  • Steatoda triangulosa

Triangulate,Cobweb,Spider,(steatoda,Triangulosa)

Identifying Characteristics:

  • Small spiders that are only 3-6 mm in length.
  • The cephalothorax (head) and legs are brownish-orange.
  • The round, bulbous abdomen is creamy in color. Look for the triangle-shaped pattern on top.

 

These spiders are found in Montenegro NEAR PEOPLE!

 

Triangulate Combfoots are primarily house spiders and are typically observed in corners, especially in basements or rooms that are not often used. Although native to Eurasia, they have now spread across the entire world, moving from house to house. 🙂

Triangulate Combfoot Range Map

combfoot range map

Honestly, there are probably a few in your home right now, but you shouldn’t be scared of Triangulate Combfoots. They are actually helpful because they feed on small insects and pests in your houses like ticks, ants, pillbugs, and other spider species (even potentially dangerous ones).

 

Even though they are relatively docile, bites occur due to their proximity to humans. But have no fear; their venom is not dangerous (unless you are allergic).

 


Check out these other guides about animals found in Montenegro!

 


Which of these spiders have you seen before in Montenegro?

 

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