What kinds of spiders can you find in Nigeria?
Many people are terrified of spiders and find them extremely creepy. This is unfortunate because not only are most spiders completely harmless, they benefit our environment by controlling the insect population. In fact, without spiders, our food supply would be in serious jeopardy.
Before we begin, I want you to know that the list below is just a fraction of the spiders in Nigeria. Because of the sheer number of these arachnids, it would be impossible to cover them all. For example, some estimates claim over 50,000 kinds of spiders on the planet (and the list is still growing)!
In today’s article, I did my best to develop a list of spiders you’re most likely to see.
2 common SPIDERS in Nigeria!
#1. Banded-legged Golden Orb-web Spider
- Trichonephila senegalensis
Also called the Giant Wood Spider or Banana Spider.
- The spider’s name refers to its joints’ characteristic golden yellow color.
- Females are bright yellow with a dark pattern in the middle and reach 30 to 40 mm (1.1-1.5 in).
- Males have the same color pattern but are usually paler and ten times smaller than females.
The Banded-legged Golden Orb-web Spider is usually found in Nigeria in warm, humid gardens, open forests, grasslands, and savannas.
These spiders weave beautiful, sturdy, golden-colored webs. They can regulate the amount of pigment and stickiness in their webs to adapt to their environment. Interestingly, the females keep food supplies on their webs. Up to 15 insects are carefully arranged and wrapped in silk to prevent deterioration of the prey.
Male Banded-legged Golden Orb-web Spiders often linger near the edge of the female’s web. When he is ready to mate, he will tap on the edge of the web to ensure that the female is in a good mood and bring her food as courtship. Then, while the female is eating, he will approach quietly, inject his semen into her abdomen and flee as soon as possible to avoid being eaten.
#2. Pantropical Jumping Spider
- Plexippus paykulli
- Adult females range from 9 to 12 mm (0.35-0.47 in) long, while adult males range from 9 to 11 mm (0.35-0.43 in) long.
- Females are brownish gray and darker on their back and head, especially around the eyes, and have a broad tan stripe that extends onto the abdomen.
- Males are black with a broad white central stripe and two white spots near the rear of the abdomen.
Pantropical Jumping Spiders live near buildings, in citrus groves, and in cotton fields. They cleverly spend time around light sources that attract insect prey.
Unlike many spiders in Nigeria, Pantropical Jumping Spiders do not construct a web. Instead, they construct silken retreats, often in the corner of a ceiling or other elevated position. They use this retreat to rest and hide between hunting.
Although they look incredibly dangerous, Pantropical Jumping Spiders will only bite if handled roughly. Their bites are relatively harmless and may resemble a bee sting or be even milder.
Check out these other guides about animals found in Nigeria!
- 25 Amazing ANIMALS to see in Nigeria! (ID guide w/ pics)
Which of these spiders have you seen before in Nigeria?
Leave a comment below!