Unfortunately, hummingbirds don’t live in Alabama year-round. 🙁
At the end of every summer, Ruby-throated Hummingbirds (the only common species in the state) depart Alabama to migrate south to southern Mexico and Central America. They spend the winter here in the warm weather before coming back next spring!
So when exactly do hummingbirds leave Alabama?
Ruby-throated Hummingbirds start their southward migration once their breeding season ends. It’s believed that they can sense the changes in the reduced number of daylight hours, flowers, and insects, which triggers their instinct to leave Alabama.
This means that most hummingbirds leave Alabama in early to mid-September!
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But these are just the birds that choose Alabama as their breeding grounds. Ruby-throated Hummingbirds can be found from Alabama all the way into Canada.
And many of the hummingbirds that are migrating south to Central America and southern Mexico must pass through Alabama. So it’s likely that you will see hummingbirds through much of October as these northern birds are making their way south.
I’m guessing that the reason you wanted to know when hummingbirds leave Alabama is that you were curious when you can put away your feeders for the winter?
Here’s what I always recommend:
Don’t take down your feeders until you haven’t seen a hummingbird for TWO weeks.
Once that happens, you can be very confident that almost all the hummingbirds in Alabama have left for the year!
Trust me; you definitely don’t want to take away the nectar in your yard too early. Hummingbirds migrate a LONG way and need lots of ENERGY, which you can hopefully provide to them.
When do you normally see the last hummingbirds leave Alabama?
Let us know in the COMMENTS section below!