Here’s when hummingbirds leave Missouri! (to migrate south)

Unfortunately, hummingbirds don’t live in Missouri year-round. 🙁


At the end of every summer, Ruby-throated Hummingbirds (the only common species in the state) depart Missouri to migrate south to southern Mexico and Central America. They spend the winter here in the warm weather before coming back next spring!


So when exactly do hummingbirds leave Missouri?

when do hummingbirds leave


Ruby-throated Hummingbirds start their southward migration once their breeding season ends. It’s believed that they can sense the changes in the reduced number of daylight hours, flowers, and insects, which triggers their instinct to leave Missouri.


This means that most hummingbirds leave Missouri by the end of August or early September. By mid-September, almost all birds are gone, and they won’t return again until spring.


But keep your eyes open for any hummingbirds that started their migration late. It’s not uncommon to see a straggler passing through Missouri towards the end of September, especially if they started their migration from much higher north!


I’m guessing that the reason you wanted to know when hummingbirds leave Missouri is that you were curious when you can put away your feeders for the winter?


Here’s what I always recommend:


Don’t take down your feeders until you haven’t seen a hummingbird for TWO weeks.


hummingbirds leaving

Once that happens, you can be very confident that almost all the hummingbirds in Missouri have left for the year!


Trust me; you definitely don’t want to take away the nectar in your yard too early. Hummingbirds migrate a LONG way and need lots of ENERGY, which you can hopefully provide to them.


When do you normally see the last hummingbirds leave Missouri?


Let us know in the COMMENTS section below!


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  1. We usually see the huge majority of hummingbirds leave around Labor Day. After that departure we generally see less than 5 at any given time until the number drops to 1 or 2 not long thereafter. We sight our last hummingbird(s) in late September, wait two weeks, and by the second week in October (generall by the 8th of October-my mother’s birthday) we take down the feeders. This year, 2023, we continued to see a large number (10-15 or more) of hummingbirds at the feeders daily until the final full moon of the month, which was 29 September. We are wondering if the number of hummingbirds has increased in 2023 over the past decade or so?