22 Flowers That Attract Hummingbirds in Canada!

What flowers attract hummingbirds in Canada?

Common Hummingbird Flowers in Canada

 

Sorting through hundreds of potential flowers that (might) attract hummingbirds can get frustrating and time-consuming. So after many hours and hours of research, I thought it would be worthwhile to share some of the best flowers that attract hummingbirds in Canada.

 

In general, here are some traits that make an excellent hummingbird flower:

  • LOTS of nectar for the hummingbirds to eat.
  • Tubular-shaped flowers don’t allow other pollinators, like bees and butterflies, to access the nectar.
  • The color of RED. Hummingbirds are most attracted to red flowers.
  • NATIVE to Canada.

 

You will notice a Hardiness Zone listed for each hummingbird flower in the article. This refers to areas of Canada where plants do best, based on temperature.

Making sure your hummingbird flowers are appropriate for YOUR hardiness zones is extremely important! And it’s the reason your hummingbird garden will look completely different than the one I have created in Ohio.

22 Types of Hummingbird Flowers in Canada:

 


#1. Trumpet Vine (Also called Trumpet Creeper)

  • Campsis radicans

Types of Hummingbird Flowers found in Canada

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: Vines can climb up to 12 meters high
  • Bloom Time: July-September
  • Light Requirements: Full to partial sun

 

Trumpet Vine is a perfect hummingbird flower and it’s even commonly referred to as “hummingbird vine.” This is because it features long, tubular, bright flowers with lots of nectar.

 

It’s not native to Canada but is easy to grow in most areas. And I do mean GROW. In my first-hand experience, it needs to be trimmed regularly, or it will take over an entire area. Otherwise, the vine gets so big that many birds will even nest in its dense foliage!

 

It is widely available, and I can always find Trumpet Vine at my local garden centers. Typically, it takes a year or two after planting to get bright and beautiful flowers that attract hummingbirds.

 


#2. Trumpet Honeysuckle

  • Lonicera sempervirens

Types of Hummingbird Flowers that live in Canada

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 4.5 meters tall x 60 cm wide (climbing)
  • Bloom Time: May-June
  • Light Requirements: Full to partial sun

 

Trumpet Honeysuckle is a favorite of Ruby-throated Hummingbirds in Canada. These birds love the bright clusters of red and orange tubular flowers.

 

It has similar features to the Trumpet Vine, and many people get the two mixed up. However, a benefit of the Trumpet Honeysuckle is that it’s not as aggressive and does not get as big as the Trumpet Vine. Because of this, Trumpet Honeysuckle may fit better in your hummingbird garden.

 


#3. Red Cardinal Flower

  • Lobelia cardinalis

Common Canada Hummingbird Flowers

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 90 cm tall
  • Bloom Time: July-September
  • Light Requirements: Full sun to partial shade

 

The Red Cardinal Flower is an excellent addition to any backyard hummingbird flower garden. I love that it’s native to almost the entire lower 48 states and eastern Canada.

 

It’s gorgeous when in bloom, providing vibrant red tubular flowers. Fortunately for us, the flowers are too long for most insects. And the Red Cardinal Flower relies on attracting hummingbirds for pollination.

 

It grows best when not in full sun and likes moisture. So in the wild, you’re most likely to see Red Cardinal Flowers on shady stream banks in late summer!

 


#4. Bee Balm

  • Monarda

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 1-1.5 meters tall, up to 1 meter wide (depends on which cultivar selected)
  • Bloom Time: July-September
  • Light Requirements: Full Sun, but also does well with a bit of shade

 

Bee Balm is a smaller perennial flower. Hummingbirds, along with bees and butterflies, love visiting these plants to get nectar. There are Bee Balm species native to nearly every part of North America.

 

There are over 50 cultivars commercially available, representing many different colors. Some are mildew resistant, and certain ones will be better for your region than others, so please check the hardiness zone and do your research.

 

Other common names for Bee Balm include monarda, horsemint, oswego tea, and bergamot.

 

This plant is easy to grow, deer resistant, and drought-resistant! And as a bonus, Bee Balm is also great for attracting butterflies!

 


#5. Sage (Salvia)

  • Salvia spp.

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4 to 10 (varies by species)
  • Life Cycle: Most are perennial, but annual varieties are also available.
  • Approximate Mature Size: Wide size range between different species; from 6 to 90 cm.
  • Bloom Time: April-September
  • Light Requirements: Full Sun

 

Sage has it all; it’s easy to grow, looks great in your garden, attracts hummingbirds, and the leaves can even be eaten!

 

Sage is the common name of any plant under the genus Salvia. So, unfortunately, it’s going to be hard to give a lot of specific details about which Sage flower would do best in your backyard because there are hundreds of different species, along with many more cultivars that grow well in hummingbird gardens across the country.

 

Sage comes in all different sizes and colors. Some are annual, some perennial. Many are native to the Americas, but the most common, Salvia officinalis (Common Sage), originates from the Mediterranean. It’s so common that it’s considered naturalized in North America.

 

One thing most variations of Sage have in common is they have spikes of tubular flowers. And these flowers are great for attracting hummingbirds, along with other pollinator insects, bees, moths, and butterflies.

 

My advice is to do some more research or speak to your local nursery and find a variety that will do well where you live. Luckily, Salvia is VERY COMMON at garden centers.

 


#6. Rhododendron

  • Rhododendron catawbiense

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-8
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: Up to 3 meters tall and 3 meters wide if not pruned.
  • Bloom Time: April-June
  • Light Requirements: Part Shade. Typically the more moisture provided, the more sun it can handle.

 

If you have ever seen a Rhododendron in full bloom at the end of May, you will agree that their display is stunning. You can’t blame hummingbirds for being attracted to their vibrant pink flowers.

 

Over a thousand different species of this gorgeous shrub have been identified, with the majority of them originating from Asia. These plants are prevalent at garden centers and decorate many lawns across North America.

 

If possible, try to find a species native to North America.

 

Its scientific name is Rhododendron catawbiense, and it’s commonly referred to as Catawba rosebay, Catawba rhododendron, mountain rosebay, purple ivy, purple laurel, purple rhododendron, red laurel, rosebay, or rosebay laurel.

 

It has beautiful, dark green foliage all year, and hummingbirds will love the gorgeous pink flowers each May. It’s also incredibly hardy and can survive cold winters.

 


#7. Lupine

  • Lupinus

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial (some Annual)
  • Approximate Mature Size: Too many variations to list, but the average is about 1 meter tall and wide.
  • Bloom Time: Depends on zone and variety, but typically May-July.
  • Light Requirements: Sun to Part Shade

 

Lupine features beautiful, long spikes of flowers. There are many different species and cultivars available, and hummingbirds like them all.

 

They come in all sizes, so there should be some sort of Lupine that fits your hummingbird flower garden perfectly. The most common colors of Lupine blooms are blue, purple, pink, and white.

 

Lupine makes an excellent neighbor to other plants that require nitrogen-rich soil. It increases the nitrogen in the ground, making the soil a better environment for other plants!

 

In the US, the species that tend to grow best are wild lupine, garden lupin, silvery lupine, and Texas Bluebonnet. Check with your local nursery to find out which one is easiest to grow in your area!

 


#8. Columbine

  • Aquilegia

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-8
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: ~1 meter tall
  • Bloom Time: May
  • Light Requirements: Grows well in the shade. If full sun, provide lots of moisture.

 

Columbine flowers refer to any species from the genus Aquilegia, many of which are native to North America.

 

I love the unique look of Columbine, and luckily so do hummingbirds! Its pretty flowers typically bloom in May, right when hummingbirds are making their way back north, so this may be the first plant that you see hummers visiting each spring.

 

It’s interesting to note that insects have difficulty accessing the nectar, so hummingbirds should have this flower all to themselves.

 

There are many species and hybrids of Columbine available. Make sure to choose a species that’s native to your area for the best results!

 


#9. Lily

  • Lilium canadense
  • Lilium columbianum

 

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 5b to 9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 1 to 2.5 meters tall
  • Bloom Time: June-August, depending on species and location
  • Light Requirements: Full sun

 

Lilies are show stoppers in your backyard garden, and it’s just a bonus that hummingbirds are also attracted to their flowers.

 

There are too many species of lilies to count, but true lilies (Genus Lilium) are typically defined by large, beautiful flowers that grow from bulbs.

 

Typically, lilies have yellow, pink, or orange blooms that droop downward. And plants can have as many as 20 blooms apiece, making them a perfect choice if you like a lot of color in your garden!

 

In addition to hummingbirds, you can expect to see large butterflies and pollinator bees visiting your lily plants.

 


#10. Fireweed

  • Chamerion angustifolium

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 2-7
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 1-2 meters tall, up to 3 meters occasionally
  • Bloom Time: June-September
  • Light Requirements: Partial to Full Sun

 

The pinkish-purple flowers of the Fireweed plant make a welcome addition to any hummingbird garden!

 

This species can quickly take over a garden without regular trimming since it spreads by seed and underground rhizomes. For example, one plant can produce up to 80,000 seeds in a single season!

 


#11. Larkspur

  • Delphinium exaltatum
  • Delphinium glaucum

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-8
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: Up to 2.5 meters tall
  • Bloom Time: March-August, depending on species and location.
  • Light Requirements: Partial to Full Shade

 

Larkspur’s large blue flowers attract hummingbirds in Canada. And they look beautiful in any garden! However, use caution if you have animals or children since Larkspur is toxic to humans and livestock. It can cause skin irritation and stomach upset in humans and is a common cause of cattle poisoning.

 


#12. Golden Currant

  • Ribes aureum

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 5-8
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 1 to 1.5 meters tall
  • Bloom Time: March-May
  • Light Requirements: Full sun

 

Golden Currant shrubs have beautiful bright yellow blooms that turn orange to violet late in the season, making them an excellent addition to your hummingbird garden.

 

Their berries are deep yellow-orange. This plant is easy to grow in many soil types, but check your local regulations before planting. Some areas have outlawed planting Golden Currant because it can introduce a fungus that kills white pine trees.

 


#13. Coral Bells

  • Heuchera

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 15-40 cm tall
  • Bloom Time: May-July
  • Light Requirements: Partial shade

 

Also called Alumroot, Coral Bells is a small flowering shrub that grows in varied climates and soil conditions. There are countless species and cultivars, so finding one for your hummingbird garden shouldn’t be hard!

 

The coloring varies by species, with pink, purple, or white blooms. Coral Bells’ leaves are also striking and can range from deep purple to light green and even golden!

 


#14. Beard Tongues

  • Penstemon

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-8
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 60-120 cm tall
  • Bloom Time: April-June
  • Light Requirements: Full sun

 

Beardtongue, or Penstemon, is a perennial that does well in full sun. Its many flowers grow on tall, thin stalks that shoot straight up from the plant, giving it the appearance of a firework!

 

Beardtongue’s tubular blossoms make it a perfect flower for hummingbirds to find nectar and even water that collects inside.

 

Different species of Beardtongue grow best in different areas of the US, so the best way to find the right one for you is to talk with someone knowledgeable at your local nursery.

 


#15. New Jersey Tea

  • Ceanothus americanus

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-8
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 31 to 1.5 meters tall
  • Bloom Time: July-August
  • Light Requirements: Full to partial sun

 

New Jersey Tea is an excellent choice for gardeners to create a border or hedge in their hummingbird garden.

 

The plants are low to the ground and grow moderately slow, which means they won’t take over a garden even if they’re left to grow naturally. They tolerate drought well and don’t require pruning. As long as your garden gets adequate sunlight, New Jersey Tea should grow well for you!

 


#16. Anise Hyssop (Also Called Hummingbird Mint)

  • Agastache

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 5-10
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 1 to 1.5 meters tall
  • Bloom Time: June-September
  • Light Requirements: Full sun

 

If you want to attract hummingbirds and other pollinators to your garden but have some uninvited guests like rabbits and deer, Hummingbird Mint is perfect for you!

 

Its leaves and stems give off a mild, minty licorice scent that tends to keep mammals away. However, hummingbirds, butterflies, and pollinating bees won’t be able to resist the colorful, tubular blossoms! Look for a spot with well-drained soil, and make sure you pick a variety that grows well in your hardiness zone.

 


#17. Dense Blazing Star

  • Liatris spicata

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 50-120 cm tall
  • Bloom Time: July-August
  • Light Requirements: Full sun

 

If your ideal hummingbird flower does best when it’s ignored, look no further than the Dense Blazing Star. =)

 

Its bright purple blooms are a perfect centerpiece for any hummingbird garden. This plant requires almost no maintenance after it’s established and grows in any type of soil. It just needs full sun, and occasionally larger plants may need to be staked to keep them upright.

 

Bees, hummingbirds, and butterflies all love Dense Blazing Star, so your garden will come alive in summer with buzzing and fluttering visitors!

 


#18. Phlox

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-8
  • Life Cycle: Both perennial and annual varieties
  • Approximate Mature Size: Varies significantly from a few centimeters off the ground up to 2 meters tall.
  • Bloom Time: April-August, depending on the variety
  • Light Requirements: Full to partial sun

 

There are dozens of species of Phlox that range in size, color, and growing condition. This means that no matter what type of hummingbird garden you have, you can probably find a type of Phlox that will work for you!

 

Varieties like Tall Garden Phlox make a great backdrop, and low-growing Moss Phlox works as ground cover or to fill in between other plants. You can even plant a few different varieties to fill out your garden and bring more color to your blooms. Check with your local nursery to pick a species that will fit your needs.

 

Many pollinators, especially hummingbirds, are drawn to this versatile plant.

 


#19. Petunia

  • Petunia

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 2-8
  • Life Cycle: Annual
  • Approximate Mature Size: 15-60 cm tall, up to 60 cm wide
  • Bloom Time: April-October
  • Light Requirements: Full to partial sun

 

Petunias are an easy-to-grow annual with plenty of varieties of different sizes and colors.

 

If you have a garden that gets at least 5 hours of sun per day, plant Petunias to be rewarded with many blooms! Ask your local nursery what type they recommend to pick a specific variety.

 

Hummingbirds enjoy their deep, tube-shaped flowers for drinking nectar and water. You can also expect butterflies and bees to visit your Petunia plants.

 


#20. Impatiens

  • Impatiens

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 2-9
  • Life Cycle: Annual
  • Approximate Mature Size: 25-40 cm tall
  • Bloom Time: April-June
  • Light Requirements: Full shade

 

If you like Petunias, but your hummingbird garden gets more shade, you might want to try planting Impatiens instead.

 

They’re available in similar colors and have many of the same qualities as Petunias, like plentiful blooms. But, unlike Petunias, they prefer shady areas and will do best in only partial or low sun. Hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies all enjoy visiting Impatiens.

 

There are hundreds of varieties of impatiens to choose from. The best way to pick is to talk to someone at your local nursery and find a cultivar that grows well in your area.

 


#21. Orange Jewelweed

  • Impatiens capensis

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 2-11
  • Life Cycle: Annual
  • Approximate Mature Size: 0.5 to 1.5 meters tall
  • Bloom Time: May-September
  • Light Requirements: Full shade

 

Orange Jewelweed is one of the few Impatiens native to Canada.

 

Their bright orange flowers bloom from late spring to early fall, giving your hummingbird garden a pop of warm color.

 

It’s a perfect plant if you have a shady spot, especially if you prefer native flowers. Hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies will all visit Orange Jewelweed.

 


#22. Flowering Tobacco

  • Nicotiana tabacum

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-9
  • Life Cycle: Annual
  • Approximate Mature Size: 0.5 to 1.5 meters tall
  • Bloom Time: July-September
  • Light Requirements: Full sun to partial shade

 

Flowering Tobacco has been cultivated into several ornamental varieties. However, they’re unpalatable to many mammal species, so they’re a great option if you have rabbits, deer, or other herbivores in your area.

 

Even though it isn’t a native plant, flowering tobacco has gorgeous flowers that attract hummingbirds and gardeners alike.

 

The five-petaled blooms can lend a bright pop of color to your hummingbird garden. This annual plant also attracts butterflies and pollinating bees.

 

 


What is your favorite hummingbird flower?

Tell us about it in the comments!

 

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