20 Flowers That Attract Hummingbirds in Washington!

What flowers attract hummingbirds in Washington?

Common Hummingbird Flowers in Washington

 

Sorting through hundreds of potential flowers that (might) attract hummingbirds can get frustrating and time-consuming. So after many hours and hours of research, I thought it would be worthwhile to share some of the best flowers that attract hummingbirds in Washington.

 

In general, here are some traits that make an excellent hummingbird flower:

  • LOTS of nectar for the hummingbirds to eat.
  • Tubular-shaped flowers don’t allow other pollinators, like bees and butterflies, to access the nectar.
  • The color of RED. Hummingbirds are most attracted to red flowers.
  • NATIVE to Washington.

 

20 Types of Hummingbird Flowers in Washington:

 


#1. Trumpet Vine (Also called Trumpet Creeper)

  • Campsis radicans

Types of Hummingbird Flowers found in Washington

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: Vines can climb up to 40 feet high
  • Bloom Time: July-September
  • Light Requirements: Full to partial sun

 

Trumpet Vine is a perfect hummingbird flower and it’s even commonly referred to as “hummingbird vine.” This is because it features long, tubular, bright flowers with lots of nectar.

 

It’s native to Washington but is easy to grow in most parts of the country. And I do mean GROW. In my first-hand experience, it needs to be trimmed regularly, or it will take over an entire area. Otherwise, the vine gets so big that many birds will even nest in its dense foliage!

 

It is widely available, and I can always find Trumpet Vine at my local garden centers. Typically, it takes a year or two after planting to get bright and beautiful flowers that attract hummingbirds.

 


#2. Bee Balm

  • Monarda

Types of Hummingbird Flowers that live in Washington

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 3-4 feet tall, up to 3 feet wide (depends on which cultivar selected)
  • Bloom Time: July-September
  • Light Requirements: Full Sun, but also does well with a bit of shade

 

Bee Balm is a smaller perennial flower. Hummingbirds, along with bees and butterflies, love visiting these plants to get nectar. There are Bee Balm species native to nearly every part of North America.

 

There are over 50 cultivars commercially available, representing many different colors. Some are mildew resistant, and certain ones will be better for your region than others, so please check the hardiness zone and do your research.

 

Other common names for Bee Balm include monarda, horsemint, oswego tea, and bergamot.

 

This plant is easy to grow, deer resistant, and drought-resistant! And as a bonus, Bee Balm is also great for attracting butterflies!

 


#3. Sage (Salvia)

  • Salvia spp.

Common Washington Hummingbird Flowers

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4 to 10 (varies by species)
  • Life Cycle: Most are perennial, but annual varieties are also available.
  • Approximate Mature Size: Wide size range between different species; from 6 inches to 3 feet tall.
  • Bloom Time: April-September
  • Light Requirements: Full Sun

 

Sage has it all; it’s easy to grow, looks great in your garden, attracts hummingbirds, and the leaves can even be eaten!

 

Sage is the common name of any plant under the genus Salvia. So, unfortunately, it’s going to be hard to give a lot of specific details about which Sage flower would do best in your backyard because there are hundreds of different species, along with many more cultivars that grow well in hummingbird gardens across the country.

 

Sage comes in all different sizes and colors. Some are annual, some perennial. Many are native to the Americas, but the most common, Salvia officinalis (Common Sage), originates from the Mediterranean. It’s so common that it’s considered naturalized in North America.

 

One thing most variations of Sage have in common is they have spikes of tubular flowers. And these flowers are great for attracting hummingbirds, along with other pollinator insects, bees, moths, and butterflies.

 

My advice is to do some more research or speak to your local nursery and find a variety that will do well where you live. Luckily, Salvia is VERY COMMON at garden centers.

 


#4. Rhododendron

  • Rhododendron macrophyllum

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-8
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: Up to 10 feet tall and 10 feet wide if not pruned.
  • Bloom Time: April-June
  • Light Requirements: Part Shade. Typically the more moisture provided, the more sun it can handle.

 

If you have ever seen a Rhododendron in full bloom at the end of May, you will agree that their display is stunning. You can’t blame hummingbirds for being attracted to their vibrant pink flowers.

 

Over a thousand different species of this gorgeous shrub have been identified, with the majority of them originating from Asia. These plants are prevalent at garden centers and decorate many lawns across North America.

 

If possible, try to find a species native to North America.

 

In Washington, the most common variety is Rhododendron macrophyllum, and it’s commonly referred to as Coast Rhododendron or Pacific Rhododendron.

 

It has beautiful, dark green foliage all year, and hummingbirds will love the gorgeous pink flowers each May. It’s also incredibly hardy and can survive cold winters.

 


#5. Lupine

  • Lupinus

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial (some Annual)
  • Approximate Mature Size: Too many variations to list, but the average is 3 feet tall and wide.
  • Bloom Time: Depends on zone and variety, but typically May-July.
  • Light Requirements: Sun to Part Shade

 

Lupine features beautiful, long spikes of flowers. There are many different species and cultivars available, and hummingbirds like them all.

 

They come in all sizes, so there should be some sort of Lupine that fits your hummingbird flower garden perfectly. The most common colors of Lupine blooms are blue, purple, pink, and white.

 

Lupine makes an excellent neighbor to other plants that require nitrogen-rich soil. It increases the nitrogen in the ground, making the soil a better environment for other plants!

 

In the US, the species that tend to grow best are wild lupine, garden lupin, silvery lupine, and Texas Bluebonnet. Check with your local nursery to find out which one is easiest to grow in your area!

 


#6. Columbine

  • Aquilegia

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-8
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: ~3 feet tall
  • Bloom Time: May
  • Light Requirements: Grows well in the shade. If full sun, provide lots of moisture.

 

Columbine flowers refer to any species from the genus Aquilegia, many of which are native to North America.

 

I love the unique look of Columbine, and luckily so do hummingbirds! Its pretty flowers typically bloom in May, right when hummingbirds are making their way back north, so this may be the first plant that you see hummers visiting each spring.

 

It’s interesting to note that insects have difficulty accessing the nectar, so hummingbirds should have this flower all to themselves.

 

There are many species and hybrids of Columbine available. Make sure to choose a species that’s native to your area for the best results!

 


#7. Lily

  • Lilium canadense
  • Lilium columbianum

 

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 5b to 9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 3 to 8 feet tall
  • Bloom Time: June-August, depending on species and location
  • Light Requirements: Full sun

 

Lilies are show stoppers in your backyard garden, and it’s just a bonus that hummingbirds are also attracted to their flowers.

 

There are too many species of lilies to count, but true lilies (Genus Lilium) are typically defined by large, beautiful flowers that grow from bulbs.

 

Typically, lilies have yellow, pink, or orange blooms that droop downward. And plants can have as many as 20 blooms apiece, making them a perfect choice if you like a lot of color in your garden!

 

In addition to hummingbirds, you can expect to see large butterflies and pollinator bees visiting your lily plants.

 


#8. Fireweed

  • Chamerion angustifolium

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 2-7
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 4-6 feet tall, up to 9 feet occasionally
  • Bloom Time: June-September
  • Light Requirements: Partial to Full Sun

 

The pinkish-purple flowers of the Fireweed plant make a welcome addition to any hummingbird garden!

 

This species can quickly take over a garden without regular trimming since it spreads by seed and underground rhizomes. For example, one plant can produce up to 80,000 seeds in a single season!

 


#9. Larkspur

  • Delphinium exaltatum
  • Delphinium glaucum

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-8
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: Up to 8 feet tall
  • Bloom Time: March-August, depending on species and location.
  • Light Requirements: Partial to Full Shade

 

Larkspur’s large blue flowers attract hummingbirds in Washington. And they look beautiful in any garden! However, use caution if you have animals or children since Larkspur is toxic to humans and livestock. It can cause skin irritation and stomach upset in humans and is a common cause of cattle poisoning.

 


#10. Manzanita

  • Arctostaphylos

 

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 8-10
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 5-15 feet tall
  • Bloom Time: December-March
  • Light Requirements: Partial shade to full sun

 

Manzanita flowers attract hummingbirds in Washington for a couple of reasons. Firstly, they congregate at Manzanita bushes to drink nectar from their flowers. But they also use the branches of this shrub as a nesting site!

 

This ornamental plant has distinctive red bark, small green leaves, and red berries. There are over 95 distinct species of Manzanita plant native to the US! To choose one that’s right for your area, check with your local nursery and purchase a native species.

 


#11. Hummingbird Trumpet

  • Zauschneria arizonica

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 5-9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 18-24 inches tall
  • Bloom Time: July-October
  • Light Requirements: Full Sun

 

Hummingbird Trumpet is a hardy, drought-tolerant plant in the Fuschia family.

 

Once established, Hummingbird Trumpet is basically maintenance-free and doesn’t require any pruning or special care. However, Hummingbird Trumpet does best in full sun and well-drained soil.

 


#12. Golden Currant

  • Ribes aureum

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 5-8
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 4-5 feet tall
  • Bloom Time: March-May
  • Light Requirements: Full sun

 

Golden Currant shrubs have beautiful bright yellow blooms that turn orange to violet late in the season, making them an excellent addition to your hummingbird garden.

 

Their berries are deep yellow-orange. This plant is easy to grow in many soil types, but check your local regulations before planting. Some states have outlawed planting Golden Currant because it can introduce a fungus that kills white pine trees.

 


#13. Beard Tongues

  • Penstemon

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-8
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 2-4 feet tall
  • Bloom Time: April-June
  • Light Requirements: Full sun

 

Beardtongue, or Penstemon, is a perennial that does well in full sun. Its many flowers grow on tall, thin stalks that shoot straight up from the plant, giving it the appearance of a firework!

 

Beardtongue’s tubular blossoms make it a perfect flower for hummingbirds to find nectar and even water that collects inside.

 

Different species of Beardtongue grow best in different areas of the US, so the best way to find the right one for you is to talk with someone knowledgeable at your local nursery.

 


#14. Anise Hyssop (Also Called Hummingbird Mint)

  • Agastache

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 5-10
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 4-5 feet tall
  • Bloom Time: June-September
  • Light Requirements: Full sun

 

If you want to attract hummingbirds and other pollinators to your garden but have some uninvited guests like rabbits and deer, Hummingbird Mint is perfect for you!

 

Its leaves and stems give off a mild, minty licorice scent that tends to keep mammals away. However, hummingbirds, butterflies, and pollinating bees won’t be able to resist the colorful, tubular blossoms! Look for a spot with well-drained soil, and make sure you pick a variety that grows well in your hardiness zone.

 


#15. Phlox

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-8
  • Life Cycle: Both perennial and annual varieties
  • Approximate Mature Size: Varies significantly from a few inches off the ground up to 6 feet tall.
  • Bloom Time: April-August, depending on the variety
  • Light Requirements: Full to partial sun

 

There are dozens of species of Phlox that range in size, color, and growing condition. This means that no matter what type of hummingbird garden you have, you can probably find a type of Phlox that will work for you!

 

Varieties like Tall Garden Phlox make a great backdrop, and low-growing Moss Phlox works as ground cover or to fill in between other plants. You can even plant a few different varieties to fill out your garden and bring more color to your blooms. Check with your local nursery to pick a species that will fit your needs.

 

Many pollinators, especially hummingbirds, are drawn to this versatile plant.

 


#16. Petunia

  • Petunia

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 2-8
  • Life Cycle: Annual
  • Approximate Mature Size: 6-24 inches tall, up to 24 inches wide
  • Bloom Time: April-October
  • Light Requirements: Full to partial sun

 

Petunias are an easy-to-grow annual with plenty of varieties of different sizes and colors.

 

If you have a garden that gets at least 5 hours of sun per day, plant Petunias to be rewarded with many blooms! Ask your local nursery what type they recommend to pick a specific variety.

 

Hummingbirds enjoy their deep, tube-shaped flowers for drinking nectar and water. You can also expect butterflies and bees to visit your Petunia plants.

 


#17. Impatiens

  • Impatiens

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 2-9
  • Life Cycle: Annual
  • Approximate Mature Size: 10-16 inches tall
  • Bloom Time: April-June
  • Light Requirements: Full shade

 

If you like Petunias, but your hummingbird garden gets more shade, you might want to try planting Impatiens instead.

 

They’re available in similar colors and have many of the same qualities as Petunias, like plentiful blooms. But, unlike Petunias, they prefer shady areas and will do best in only partial or low sun. Hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies all enjoy visiting Impatiens.

 

There are hundreds of varieties of impatiens to choose from. The best way to pick is to talk to someone at your local nursery and find a cultivar that grows well in your area.

 


#18. Orange Jewelweed

  • Impatiens capensis

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 2-11
  • Life Cycle: Annual
  • Approximate Mature Size: 2-5 feet tall
  • Bloom Time: May-September
  • Light Requirements: Full shade

 

Orange Jewelweed is one of the few Impatiens native to Washington.

 

Their bright orange flowers bloom from late spring to early fall, giving your hummingbird garden a pop of warm color.

 

It’s a perfect plant if you have a shady spot, especially if you prefer native flowers. Hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies will all visit Orange Jewelweed.

 


#19. Flowering Tobacco

  • Nicotiana tabacum

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-9
  • Life Cycle: Annual
  • Approximate Mature Size: 3-5 feet tall
  • Bloom Time: July-September
  • Light Requirements: Full sun to partial shade

 

Flowering Tobacco has been cultivated into several ornamental varieties. However, they’re unpalatable to many mammal species, so they’re a great option if you have rabbits, deer, or other herbivores in your area.

 

Even though it isn’t a native plant, flowering tobacco has gorgeous flowers that attract hummingbirds and gardeners alike.

 

The five-petaled blooms can lend a bright pop of color to your hummingbird garden. This annual plant also attracts butterflies and pollinating bees.

 


#20. Rose of Sharon

  • Hibiscus syriacus

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Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 5-9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 8-12 feet tall and 6-10 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: July-October
  • Light Requirements: Full sun to partial shade

 

Interestingly, Rose of Sharon is a hardy perennial and isn’t a rose at all, but a member of the hibiscus family.

 

It’s been cultivated into many different sizes and colors, and its blooms range from white to pale pink, purple, and even deep blue.

 

Hummingbirds love the Rose of Sharon because of its plentiful blooms and dense foliage. But since Rose of Sharon blooms later than most other hummingbird flowers, it’s sure to get a lot of visitors late in the season as they prepare to head south.

 


What is your favorite hummingbird flower?

Tell us about it in the comments!

 

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