45 Common WILDFLOWERS Found in Louisiana! (2022)

There are hundreds of different wildflowers found in Louisiana!

 

Because of the vast amount of species, it can be really hard to correctly identify one that you found. In addition, there are numerous cultivars and hybrids you may come across that probably originated at a local garden center.

Wildflowers in Louisiana

These facts make it difficult to put together a list of wildflowers in Louisiana. 🙂

 

Regardless, I did my best to find the most common and widespread species. To make the list easier to navigate, I have organized the wildflowers below by color. Click the links below to go directly to that section.

 

Please remember these two things as you read:

  • This list is not a recommendation of plants you should plant in your yard. It is an ID guide to wildflowers you may encounter. While many of the wildflowers below would make excellent additions to your gardens, there are also various species that are invasive and should be avoided and destroyed if it starts growing on your property.
  • Determining the color of some wildflowers is a matter of opinion. For example, certain species may appear purplish-blue to me, so I included it in the “Blue Wildflowers” section, but you think it’s more of a blue-purple, and it belongs under “Purple Wildflowers.”

 

Here are 45 common types of wildflowers in Louisiana:

 


BLUE WILDFLOWERS:


#1. Chicory

  • Cichorium intybus

Types of common wildflowers in Louisiana

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-10
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate mature size: 1-4′ (30-120 cm)
  • Bloom Time: Summer, Fall
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun

 

This non-native wildflower is found throughout Louisiana.

 

Typically you will find this plant where it’s sunny and dry, so look for it along roads and open fields.

 

The exciting thing about Chicory is that you can eat it! The leaves are high in vitamins and minerals. You can eat the leaves as a vegetable or in a salad, but beware, they are very bitter tasting. The roots can also be boiled and eaten with butter. Sometimes the root is roasted and ground as a substitute or additive to coffee.

 

Interestingly, Chicory flowers only bloom for ONE day. And in hot weather, the flower may only be open for a few hours!

 


#2. Blue Vervain

  • Verbena hastata

Louisiana wildflowers

Also known as the American Vervain or Swamp Verbena.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate mature size: 2-5′ (60-150cm)
  • Bloom Time: Early Summer-Fall
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun

 

Look for this hardy and drought-resistant wildflower in Louisiana in plains, foothills, wet soils, ditches, shores, and wet fields.

 

The Blue Vervain attracts various native bees, honeybees, beneficial wasps, small butterflies, skippers, and moths. It is also a great host plant because the Verbena Moth and the Common Buckeye Butterfly caterpillars feed on the leaves.

 


#3. Common Blue Violet

  • Viola sororia

Wildflower species in Louisiana

Also known as Common Meadow Violet, Purple Violet, Woolly Blue Violet, Hooded Violet, and Wood Violet.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-10
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate mature size: 6-10″ (15-25cm)
  • Bloom Time: Mid-Spring-Late Summer
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun, Partial Sun

 

Some people consider this beautiful wildflower a weed in Louisiana!

 

Believe it or not, the Common Blue Violet can randomly start growing in the middle of your lawn. If it appears, it can attract mason bees, caterpillars, wild turkeys, rabbits, deer, doves, and ants. The ants are attracted to their seeds that are coated with protein.

 

Interestingly, this wildflower can self-fertilize inside the plant without opening. The seed capsules eventually turn upright, open, and SHOOT OUT their seeds as far as 9 feet (2.75 m) away from the plant.

 


#4. Common Periwinkle

  • Vinca minor

Wildflowers in Louisiana

Also known as Lesser Periwinkle or Dwarf Periwinkle.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate mature size: 4-6″ (10-15cm)
  • Bloom Time: Year-Round
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun, Partial Sun, Shade

 

The Common Periwinkle is not native to North America. Regardless, this perennial can attract bumblebees, Anthophorid Bees, Mason Bees, and bee flies.

 

This wildflower is often used as a ground cover in Louisiana. The main benefit is it’s deer resistant!

 


#5. Bachelor’s Button

  • Centaurea cyanus

Types of common wildflowers in Louisiana

Also known as Cornflower.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 2-4
  • Life Cycle: Annual
  • Approximate mature size: 1-3′ (30-90cm)
  • Bloom Time: Late Spring-Late Summer
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun to Light Shade

 

This common wildflower is a magnet for butterflies in Louisiana. In addition, it’s excellent for cutting and drying.

 

The Bachelor’s Button flowers are daisy-like and virtually pest and disease-free. And can you believe they are also deer and drought tolerant?! I recommend this easy-to-grow plant for borders of flower beds or rock gardens.

 


PURPLE WILDFLOWERS:


#6. Bull Thistle

  • Cirsium vulgare

Types of Purple Wildflowers

Also known as Boar Thistle, Common Thistle, Dodder, and Spear Thistle.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3a-8b
  • Life Cycle: Biennial
  • Approximate mature size: 2-6′ (.6-1.8 m)
  • Bloom Time: Summer, Fall
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun, Sun to Partial Shade

 

Bull Thistle is a common wildflower in Louisiana.

 

But be careful when handling it because it’s spiny!

 

The seeds of this thistle are an excellent food source for goldfinches. However, these birds also use the thistledown to line their nests; thus, they wait until the flowers bloom in late summer to raise their young. In addition, it’s also a great flower if you want to attract giant bees and butterflies.

 


#7. Common Burdock

  • Arctium minus

purple wildflowers

Also known as Lesser Burdock, Little Burdock, Louse-bur, Button-bur, Cuckoo-button, and Wild Rhubarb.

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4a-10b
  • Life Cycle: Biennial
  • Approximate mature size: 4-6′ (120-180 cm)
  • Bloom Time: Mid Summer – Mid Fall
  • Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade

 

Look for this wildflower in Louisiana in pastures, open prairies, hayfields, roadsides, old fields, barnyards, railways, and other disturbed areas.

 

Common Burdock has large leaves and deep purple flowers resembling rhubarb, making it easy to identify. After the flower head dries, they are similar to velcro because they stick onto humans and animals to transport the entire seed head!

 

This wildflower attracts bees, butterflies, and birds. But be careful if you handle this plant; it may cause skin irritation or an allergic reaction.

 


#8. Clasping Venus’ Looking Glass

  • Triodanis perfoliata

purple wildflowers

Also known as Roundleaf Triodanis and Clasping Bellflower.

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 2-11
  • Life Cycle: Annual
  • Approximate mature size: 6-36″ (15-91 cm)
  • Bloom Time: Spring, Summer
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun

 

You can find this wildflower in Louisiana in dry sandy soils, such as disturbed areas, gardens, and woods.

 

Clasping Venus’ Looking Glass can be identified by looking for the flowers blooming in the rounded leaves. This plant can self-pollinate and attracts small butterflies, bees, and flies.

 


#9. Bee Balm

  • Monarda fistulosa

purple wildflowers

Buy/View Seeds HERE!

Also known as Wild Bergamot, Horsemint, and Wild Bee Balm.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3a-9b
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate mature size: 2-4′ (60-120 cm)
  • Bloom Time: Summer
  • Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade

 

This perennial has beautiful lilac-purple blooms. Bee Balm can be found in dry areas of fields, prairies, and along roads in Louisiana.

 

The main reason that I grow Bee Balm in my flower garden is to attract hummingbirds, butterflies, and pollinator bees. When this NATIVE perennial is in full bloom, birds and insects can’t resist visiting the nectar-rich flowers. Many people claim that Bee Balm is so effective at drawing in hummingbirds that they no longer have to worry about filling their feeders!

 

Interestingly, Bee Balm leaves make a refreshing tea that provides many health benefits, as its antimicrobial properties help ward off colds and the flu.

 


#10. Creeping Charlie

  • Glechoma hederacea

purple wildflowers

Also known as Gill-over-ground, Ground Ivy, Hedgemaids, Field Balm, Tunhoof, Catsfoot, Run-away-robin, and Alehoof.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3a-10b
  • Life Cycle: Perennials
  • Approximate mature size: 5-8″ (12.5-20 cm)
  • Bloom Time: Spring, Summer
  • Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade

 

This wildflower grows in large groups in moist semi-shaded areas and tolerates the sun very well. Bees especially love collecting pollen from Creeping Charlie.

 

Many people in Louisiana consider this wildflower a weed. It’s commonly found growing in lawns, and because of the plant’s extensive root system, it is difficult to get rid of by hand-pulling or mowing. I have personally battled with Creeping Charlie in my yard!

 


#11. Purple Loosestrife

  • Lythrum salicaria

purple wildflowers

Also known as Spiked Loosetrife and Purple Lythrum.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3a-9b
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate mature size: 2-5′ (60-150 cm)
  • Bloom Time: Summer
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun

 

Typically you will see this wildflower in Louisiana in wet areas.

For example, look for it in wet meadows, marshes, and along lakes. It’s hard to believe Purple Loosestrife is usually not welcome, but this invasive species can take over and push out native plants.

 

Purple Loosestrife reproduces VERY quickly, as each flower spike can produce up to 300,000 seeds. In addition, it also spreads by growing new shoots from its roots.

 


#12. Purple Coneflower

  • Echinacea purpurea

purple wildflowers

View/Buy Seeds HERE!

Also known as Eastern Coneflower and Eastern Purple Coneflower.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 2a-10b
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate mature size: 2-3′ (60-90 cm)
  • Bloom Time: Summer, Fall
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun, Sun to Partial Shade

 

Purple Coneflower is extremely hardy, which is why people love growing them in their gardens in Louisiana. The flowers are also heat and drought-resistant, which means they will thrive in harsh conditions. The only negative I have found is that rabbits LOVE nibbling and eating the leaves.

 

The cone-shaped disc comprises several smaller flowers, which contain LOADS of nectar. The colorful blooms draw the attention of bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds.

 

Make sure to select an appropriate place in your landscaping beds, as Purple Coneflower grows anywhere from two to four feet high. In addition, coneflowers grow in clumps or clusters up to two feet wide. So be sure to give your plants plenty of room to thrive!

 


#13. Giant Ironweed

  • Vernonia gigantea

giant ironweed pic

View/Buy Seeds HERE!

Also known as Tall Ironweed.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 5a-9a
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate mature size: 4-8′ (1.2-2.4 m)
  • Bloom Time: Summer, Fall
  • Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade

 

Giant Ironweed is solid and tall with dark purple blooms. This wildflower is commonly found in meadows and woodlands in Louisiana.

 

This perennial is a fantastic addition to your backyard garden, especially if planted in a group. Giant Ironweed attracts many types of butterflies, including swallowtails and Monarchs!

 


#14. Heal-All

  • Prunella vulgaris

Types of Blue Wildflowers

Also known as Common Self-heal, Woundwort, Heart-of-the-earth, Carpenter’s Herb, Brownwort, or Blue Curls.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate mature size: 6-12″ (15-30cm)
  • Bloom Time: Late Spring-Late Fall
  • Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade

 

This wildflower is one of the most common in Louisiana.

 

You will find Heal-all in lawns, along roadsides, and on the edge of woodlands. It’s especially aggressive in large grassy areas.

This plant attracts butterflies, bees, and other pollinators. As a result, it is often used as a ground cover on border fronts, meadows, and naturalized landscapes.

 


PINK WILDFLOWERS:


#15. Swamp Milkweed

  • Asclepias incarnata

Buy seeds HERE!

Also known as Pink Milkweed.

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-11
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 24-72 in (61-183 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Summer to Fall
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade

 

Swamp Milkweed is a NATIVE wildflower in Louisiana.

 

It grows in wet meadows and along lakeshores. Look for its clusters of deep pink flowers to identify it.

 

If you want a variety of pollinators to visit your garden, Swamp Milkweed is an ideal wildflower to plant. Its clusters of fragrant flowers are attractive to hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies. The leaves are an incredibly important food source for Monarch caterpillars.

 


#16. Common Milkweed

  • Asclepias syriaca

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3–9a
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 36-96 in (91-244 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Summer
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun

 

If you’re looking for a fragrant wildflower to attract pollinators in Louisiana, look no further than the Common Milkweed. About 450 species of insects feed on the Common Milkweed, including beetles, butterflies, moths, bees, wasps, ants, and flies.

 

Interestingly, Common Milkweed can push out and smother other plants.

 

If you decide to use it in your garden, plant it in an isolated spot where it has little to compete with. In the wild, Common Milkweed grows in nearly every habitat. Look for its pinkish-purple blooms in abandoned fields, forest clearings, and roadside ditches.

 


#17. Joe Pye Weed

  • Eutrochium

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 24-96 in (61-244 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Summer to Fall
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun to Full Shade

 

Joe Pye Weed is the common name for plants that are in the genus Eutrochium. These wildflowers are NATIVE to Louisiana and highly recommended to plant in your yard! It’s recognizable by the large pink flower clusters at the end of long stems, which attract many types of pollinators!

 

Naturally, Joe Pye Weed grows naturally at the edges of woodlands and wet meadows. If you plant it in your yard, it does best when in partial shade. And one of my favorite things about this wildflower is that it’s deer resistant. 🙂

 

There are 5 species of wild Eutrochium found in North America:

  • Eutrochium dubium: Also known as Coastal Plain Joe Pye Weed, it’s located in the eastern USA and Canada, and its range extends from Nova Scotia to Georgia.

  • Eutrochium fistulosum: This species is also referred to as Hollow Joe Pye Weed, Trumpetweed, or Purple Thoroughwort. It thrives from southern Canada to the eastern and southern USA, from Maine west to Ontario, Wisconsin, and Missouri, and south as far as Florida.

  • Eutrochium maculatum: Commonly called Spotted Joe Pye Weed, it’s found throughout much of the USA and Canada. It’s the only wild Joe Pye species that is located west of the Great Plains.

  • Eutrochium purpureum: This species is native to eastern and central North America. It’s commonly known as Purple Joe-Pye Weed, Kidney-root, Sweetscented Joe Pye Weed, and Sweet Joe Pye Weed.

  • Eutrochium steelei: Found only in parts of the Appalachian Mountains. This Joe Pye Weed species is commonly known as Steele’s eupatorium.

 

When you go shopping for Joe Pye Weed at your local garden center, you probably won’t find any of the wild species listed above. That’s OK, most of the options you will find at a store will be a cultivar of a wild variety.

 


#18. Fireweed

  • Chamerion angustifolium

Also known as Willow Herb.

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 2-8
  • Life Cycle: Annual or Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 18-120 in (46-305 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Late Spring and Summer
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade

 

True to its name, Fireweed is a resilient plant that will be the first to grow in clearings recently devastated by forest fires. For example, Fireweed was seen growing throughout Washington State one year after Mount St. Helens erupted in 1980.

 

To find Fireweed, look for striking spikes of purplish-pink flowers covering a landscape. Hummingbirds, moths, and butterflies like to feed on this wildflower.

 


#19. Everlasting Pea

  • Lathyrus latifolius

Also known as Perennial Pea, Perennial Peavine.

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 60-120 in (152-305 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Summer to Fall
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade

 

The Everlasting Pea is a frost-hardy vine that requires little care and grows like a weed when not controlled. It is native to Europe but has been naturalized in North America since the 1700s. Look for this wildflower in Louisiana on sunny banks with clay-rich soil.

 

The long tendrils and purplish-pink flowers of the Everlasting Pea look beautiful when climbing trellises or fences in your garden. You can also use it as a sprawling groundcover for banks and slopes.

 

Butterflies and bees find the pea-shaped blooms attractive. The vibrant colors will fade to white as the Everlasting Pea matures.

 


#20. Crown Vetch

  • Securigera varia

Also known as Purple Crownvetch, Crownvetch.

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 12-72 in (30-183 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Summer to Fall
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade

 

Even though the large, pink clover-like blooms of Crown Vetch are beautiful, this plant is invasive in North America. Native to Europe, Asia, and Africa, Crown Vetch was introduced locally to be used as a groundcover in controlling soil erosion.

 

Look for this wildflower in Louisiana on sunny, sandy banks where it can push out less hardy plants.

 

If you plant Crown Vetch on your property, choose an isolated location far away from flower gardens. Don’t forget to control its growth so it doesn’t spread to other areas and invade native species and ecosystems.

 


YELLOW WILDFLOWERS:

 


#21. St. John’s Wort

  • Hypericum perforatum

Also known as Klamath Weed, Tipton Weed, and Goat Weed.

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-8
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 11-35 in (28-89 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Summer
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Sun

 

St. John’s Wort has clusters of showy yellow flowers. It grows abundantly in prairies, pastures, disturbed fields, and sandy soils.

 

Unfortunately, this plant is an invasive species in North America. Not only does St. John’s Wort outcompete other plants, but it can also be fatal to horses, sheep, and other livestock when ingested.

 

Although some bees, butterflies, and beetles feed on the pollen of St. John’s Wort, you shouldn’t allow this plant to spread in landscapes. It can do more harm than good in ecosystems.

 


#22. Sneezeweed

  • Helenium autumnale

Also known as False Sunflower, Bitterweed.

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-8a
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 24-60 in (90-150 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Summer to Fall
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Sun

 

To identify this wildflower in Louisiana, look for pretty daisy-like flowers blooming in the fall. You can find Sneezeweed along streams, ponds, swamps, and wetlands. Some cultivars are popularly grown in gardens and have showier flowers than ones in the wild.

 

Despite the name Sneezeweed, the pollen from this plant isn’t likely to cause allergic reactions. Its name comes from an old medicinal practice of drying and crushing its leaves to make snuff, a powder that causes sneezing. This practice was thought to remove evil spirits from the body!

 

Native bees, honey bees, wasps, butterflies, and beetles are attracted to the Sneezeweed. It will grow in most soil conditions and is resistant to common diseases.

 


#23. Black-eyed Susan

Rudbeckia hirta

Buy seeds HERE!

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-9
  • Life Cycle: Biennial or short-lived Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 24-36 in (30-90 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Summer to Fall
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun

 

Look for this native wildflower in Louisiana in open woods, prairies, fields, and roadsides.

 

Black-eyed Susans grow graceful flowers in shades of yellow, orange, red, and brown. It owes its common name to the fact that each flower has a striking dark “eye” in the center. You can expect to see many species of bees, birds, and butterflies visiting the beautiful blooms. Goldfinches also occasionally eat the seeds.

 

Black-eyed Susans are a crowd favorite in gardens and parks everywhere. It will look excellent in mixed borders, wildflower gardens, and container pots. Best of all, it blooms within a year after you sow the seeds.

 


#24. Green-headed Coneflower

  • Rudbeckia laciniata

Rudbeckia laciniata

Also known as Wild Goldenglow, Cutleaf Coneflower, and Thimbleweed.

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 36-108 in (90-270 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Summer to Fall
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Sun

 

You’re likely to find Green-headed Coneflower growing near woods, stream banks, swamps, and roadside ditches. The large, tall, and bright yellow flowers are difficult to miss.

 

You can grow this wildflower in Louisiana in prairies and meadows to attract bees, butterflies, and other pollinators. Then, in the fall, leave some flowerheads for songbirds like goldfinches that like to eat the seeds.

 

Keep in mind that the rhizomes of the Green-headed Coneflower will spread quickly underground, so this wildflower needs space to grow. The tall blooms are better suited for larger landscapes.

 


#25. Goldenrod

  • Solidago

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 36-60 in (90-150 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Late Summer to Fall
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun

 

There are over 120 species of Goldenrod native to North America!

 

The blooms of Goldenrod may be tiny, but they make up for their small size with their vibrant color in the summer and fall. They grow in clusters on top of branched stems with stiff leaves.

 

Although Goldenrod is often blamed for hay fever, pollen grains from similar-looking plants like ragweed are likely the culprit. Enjoying the uniquely-shaped blooms is perfectly safe, but this wildflower can spread aggressively in gardens. You can contain its growth by planting it in pots and pruning it regularly.

 

A wide variety of bees, butterflies, and beetles rely on this native wildflower in Louisiana.

 


#26. Common Sunflower

  • Helianthus annuus

Buy sunflower seeds for planting HERE!

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 2-11
  • Life Cycle: Annual
  • Approximate Mature Size: 36-120 in (91-304 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Summer
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun

 

The Common Sunflower is one of the most popular flowers all over the world, and rightfully so. The impressively large yellow petals and attractive dark centers are a classic sight in the late summer and early fall.

 

In the wild, look for sunflowers in prairies, grasslands, old fields, roadsides, and forest edges. But, of course, you will also find sunflowers in gardens where they’re enjoyed by people and animals alike.

 

Aside from their aesthetic value, Common Sunflowers also feed populations of bees, butterflies, and insect pollinators. Birds and mammals enjoy the seeds, and the best part is that you can eat them too for a tasty snack!

 


#27. Common Mullein

  • Verbascum thapsus

Also known as Flannel Plant, Big Taper, Velvet Dock.

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-9
  • Life Cycle: Annual or Biennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 24-84 in (60-213 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Summer
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun

 

Common Mullein is native to Europe, Asia, and Africa, but this wildflower is now considered a naturalized species in Louisiana. It grows so well that it can take over roadsides, meadows, and pasture lands.

 

You can recognize it by its small yellow blooms densely grouped on a tall stem and the velvety, dense leaves at the base of the plant. As the stems shoot upwards from a base of large leaves, the overall appearance of this plant might remind you of corn.

 

Common Mullein is a valuable medicinal plant. In ancient times, it was used to treat pulmonary diseases, inflammations, and various ailments. Today, you can find its dried leaves, flowers, and oil extracts in health stores.

 


#28. Buttercups

  • Ranunculus

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-10
  • Life Cycle: Annual or Biennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 8-18 in (20-45 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Early Spring to Summer
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Sun

 

You may be familiar with the well-loved Buttercup, but you might not know that it is a genus of flowers with 600 unique species worldwide. Buttercups are most commonly known for their yellow flowers, but they also come in beautiful shades of orange, pink, red, purple, and cream. You can cut the flowers for arrangements and grow them in gardens to attract pollinators.

 

In Louisiana, look for this wildflower growing in moist habitats, fields, meadows, and roadsides. They usually bloom in the spring and summer.

 


#29. Spiny Sow-thistle

  • Sonchus asper

Also known as Rough Milk Thistle.

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 6b-9a
  • Life Cycle: Annual or Biennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 11-43 in (30-110 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Spring to Summer
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade

 

Spiny Sow-thistle is an invasive wildflower that grows throughout Louisiana. It can be found in pastures, roadsides, vacant lots, construction sites, grasslands, and waste areas. It’s native to Europe, North Africa, and Asia.

 

Don’t let Spiny Sow-thistle spread if you see it growing near your yard. It can overwhelm native plants and host diseases and pests that affect garden plants and crops. To identify Spiny Sow-thistle, look for spiky leaves and dandelion-like yellow flowers on tall stems.

 


#30. Dandelion

  • Taraxacum officinale

Also known as Common Dandelion, Lion’s Tooth, Blowball.

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-10
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 6-12 in (15-30 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Spring to Fall
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun

 

The bright yellow flowers that turn into balls of silver-tufted seed heads make Dandelions easy to recognize. Look for these common wildflowers in Louisiana in meadows, fields, river shores, lakes, and disturbed habitats. Honeybees and other beneficial insects are attracted to Dandelions.

 

Dandelions tend to grow like weeds on lawns and roadsides. This species is native to Europe and Asia but has spread worldwide because of how resilient it is in most soil conditions.

 

You can eat the leaves, roots, and flowers of the Dandelion! They taste like honey when fresh but turn bitter as the plant ages. Use them to make jam, salad, wine, or tea.

 


WHITE WILDFLOWERS:


#31. Fleabane

  • Erigeron annuus

Also known as Daisy Fleabane, Dependable Daisy, Vergerettes.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 2-8a
  • Life Cycle: Annual, Biennial, or Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 4-24 in (10-61 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Spring to Fall
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade

 

Fleabane is a genus of at least 400 species, many of which are native wildflowers that can be found in Louisiana. They’re often a favorite of gardeners! It boasts thin, delicate petals attached to yellow disc centers.

 

Bees, butterflies, moths, and hummingbirds love to visit Fleabane’s daisy-like flowers. They bloom enthusiastically from spring to fall in pastures, roadsides, dry mountains, and grasslands.

 

Fleabane is a breeze to care for in the garden because it’s drought-resistant, self-seeding, and not fussy with soil type. You can plant it as a groundcover or use it to soften the edges of hard landscapes. Fleabane flowers look good in mixed borders, rock, or coastal gardens.

 


#32. Indian Hemp

  • Apocynum cannabinum

Also known as Dogbane, Hemp Dogbane, Prairie Dogbane, Amy Root, Rheumatism Root, Wild Cotton.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3b-11
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 24-60 in (61-152 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Spring to Summer
  • Sun Exposure: Partial Shade to Full Sun

 

Despite being native to North America, this wildflower is considered an aggressive weed in Louisiana.

You’ll likely find it in dry, rocky woods, meadows, and prairies. Unfortunately, it also thrives on farms where it’s known to reduce the yield of corn, soybeans, and other crops.

 

In addition to its invasive nature, all parts of Indian Hemp are highly toxic to humans, dogs, and livestock. Avoid touching the milky sap, which can cause blisters on your skin. Its stiff, reddish stems and bushy lance-shaped leaves will help you identify this plant.

 

The small white flowers are rich with nectar, so don’t be surprised to see lots of butterflies and moths where Indian Hemp grows.

 


#33. English Plantain

  • Plantago lanceolata

Also known as Ribwort Plantain, Lanceleaf Indianwheat, Ribgrass.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 5-9a
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 4-20 in (10-51 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Spring to Fall
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun

 

The English Plantain is an introduced wildflower in Louisiana, originally native to Europe and Asia.

 

It’s one of the most recognizable lawn weeds with its long, hairy, flowering spikes. These spikes contain small and inconspicuous white flowers. You can spot English Plantain growing in disturbed habitats, dry meadows, grazing pastures, and roadsides. Its flowers are pollinated by flies and beetles, while songbirds eat their seeds.

 

Interestingly, English Plantain can adapt to different conditions depending on how humans try to eradicate it! For example, this plant naturally grows in tall stalks, but if the area where it grows is frequently mowed, it will grow low to the ground to avoid being cut.

 


#34. Yarrow

  • Achillea millefolium

Also known as Bloodwort, Carpenter’s Weed, Devil’s Nettle.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 24-36 in (61-91 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Summer

 

Planting Yarrow in your garden will reward you with abundant flowers that grow in clusters. They have small feathery leaves that look like ferns, and their scent might remind you of chrysanthemums (mums).

 

Some Yarrow plants were introduced from Europe in colonial times. However, there are many native subspecies of this wildflower in Louisiana. Together, they form colorful hybrids that will attract bees, wasps, beetles, moths, and butterflies to your garden.

 

Yarrow plants naturally occur in disturbed areas, grasslands, open forests, and roadsides. They can tolerate drought and survive in less than perfect conditions.

 


#35. Catnip

  • Nepeta cataria

Also known as Catswort, Catmint, Field Balm.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-9a
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 24-36 in (61-91 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Spring to Fall
  • Sun Exposure: Partial Shade to Full Sun

 

Catnip is a famous plant with a long history of medicinal and culinary uses. Of course, you might know of Catnip as a recreational stimulant for cats. As a member of the Mint family, it has aromatic leaves that can repel mosquitoes, cockroaches, and termites.

Catnip is native to Europe and Asia, but this wildflower is naturalized in Louisiana. You can find it growing on roadsides, streams, waste grounds, dry banks, and fields. The triangular, veiny leaves and the small white or purple spotted flowers will help you recognize this plant.

 

Bees, butterflies, wasps, flies, and many pollinators love the nectar-laden flowers of Catnip. In addition, you can expect goldfinches and other birds to eat the seeds in the fall. Catnip grows best in full sun and well-drained soils.

 


#36. Queen Anne’s Lace

  • Daucus carota

Also known as Wild Carrot, Bird’s Nest, Bishop’s Lace.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-11a
  • Life Cycle: Annual or Biennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 12-48 in (30-122 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Summer to Fall
  • Sun Exposure: Partial Shade to Full Sun

 

Queen Anne’s Lace was introduced to North America by early European settlers. This wildflower is an aggressive weed in many areas, invading grasslands, meadows, roadsides, and degraded prairies.

 

Interestingly, this wildflower is the ancestor of domesticated carrots that we cultivate and eat. Also known as the Wild Carrot, it is edible when young, but the roots quickly become woody and fibrous as they age.

 

To identify this plant, look for two-foot-tall umbels with small white flowers and hairy stems. Queen Anne’s Lace adapts to most soils and can be difficult to pull up from the ground. It produces and spreads seeds prolifically, so it’s best to prevent them from taking root in your planned garden.

 


#37. Whorled Milkweed

  • Asclepias verticillata

Also known as Eastern Whorled Milkweed, Horsetail Milkweed.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-9a
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 12-36 in (30-91 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Summer
  • Sun Exposure: Partial Shade to Full Sun

 

Whorled Milkweed is a single-stemmed perennial wildflower with flat-topped clusters of 7-20 small flowers. The fragrant white blooms are common in dry prairies, open woods, fields, and roadsides.

 

If you find this native wildflower in Louisiana, you’re likely to also see hummingbirds, bees, wasps, butterflies, flies, skippers, and beetles. In addition, it’s an especially important food source for Monarch butterflies and their caterpillars.

 

Although Whorled Milkweed spreads quickly through underground rhizomes, it’s not considered invasive, so it’s a perfect choice for your garden! It stands well against drought, easily self-seeds, and tolerates most soil types.

 


#38. Boneset

  • Eupatorium perfoliatum

Also known as Feverwort, Thoroughwort, Sweating-plant.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-8a
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 48-72 in (122-183 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Summer to Fall
  • Sun Exposure: Partial Shade to Full Sun

 

Boneset has a cluster of small, fuzzy white flowers above its dense foliage. It has a long blooming season, with flowers appearing continuously from midsummer through fall.

 

It earned its common names “Feverwort” and “Sweating-plant” from its traditional use of inducing heavy sweating to break a fever. However, despite this plant’s popularity in traditional medicine, it is listed in the Poisonous Plants Database of the US Food and Drug Administration. Therefore, be cautious with holistic medicine products that use Boneset!

 

This wildflower is an essential nectar source for many butterfly species in LouisianaIt’s mostly found in low, wet areas such as floodplain forests, marshes, bogs, seeps, and edges of rivers.

 


#39. White Clover

  • Trifolium repens

Also known as Dutch Clover, Shamrock, Honeysuckle Grass.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-10a
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 4-6 in (10-15 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Spring to Fall
  • Sun Exposure: Partial Shade to Full Sun

 

White Clover is native to Europe and Asia, but this wildflower is considered a naturalized species in Louisiana. It grows so well that it can take over lawns, roadsides, pastures, and waste areas. Fortunately, however, White Clover doesn’t usually compete with native vegetation!

 

From spring to fall, White Clover blooms with an abundance of creamy white, rounded flowers. You might be familiar with its green leaves, which typically have three leaflets. But if you find one with four, you can consider yourself lucky! 🙂

 

Interestingly, all parts of the White Clover are edible. You can use the dried flowers to make tea or the young leaves in a salad. You can also grind the flowers and seed pods to be sprinkled as a seasoning on cooked food. It has a subtle vanilla-like flavor.

 


RED & ORANGE WILDFLOWERS:


#40. Indian Paintbrush

  • Castilleja coccinea

red wildflower

Also known as Scarlet Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush, Scarlet Painted-cup.

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-8
  • Life Cycle: Biennial or Annual
  • Approximate Mature Size: 4-36 in (10-91 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun

 

Indian Paintbrush is a hemiparasite, which means it feeds on the nutrients of other plants instead of creating nutrients through photosynthesis. Its most common hosts are grasses and sagebrush. To collect the nutrients, this wildflower must attach its roots to the roots of its host.

 

Because of its parasitic nature, Indian Paintbrush can be hard to grow in home gardens and doesn’t transplant well. As a result, it’s commonly found in open fields with other wildflowers and grasses.

 

Interestingly, if you look closely, the red coloring on Indian Paintbrush isn’t the flower, but a part of its leaves called bracts.

 


#41. Fire Pink

  • Silene virginica

red wildflower

Also known as Scarlet Catchfly, Cliff Pink, Indian Pink.

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-8a
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 8-36 in (20-91 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Mid Spring to Mid Summer
  • Sun Exposure: Partial Shade

 

Fire Pink is a wildflower in Louisiana that is carnivorous.

 

Carnivorous plants that trap and eat insects sound like something from a tropical jungle, but we have tons of them in North America! The sticky hairs on its leaves trap prey and discourage ants and other pests from eating the leaves.

 

Fire Pink has five bright red petals that flare out into long tubes. Although this plant is pollinated primarily by hummingbirds, many small songbirds eat its seeds. Juncos, Pine Siskins, and sparrows are all common birds attracted to it.

 


#42. Cardinal Flower

  • Lobelia cardinalis

Buy seeds HERE!

Also known as Red Bay, Scarlet Lobelia, Indian Pink, Water Gladiole, Slinkweed, Bog Sage, Hog’s Physic.

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-9a
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 3.6-72 in (9-183 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Mid-Summer to Early Fall
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade

 

The blooms on this wildflower cluster on the end of a long stalk. The Cardinal Flower has dark green leaves with purple undersides.

 

If you’re especially fond of hummingbirds, you can use the Cardinal Flower to attract them to your neighborhood. While other insects might find it hard to reach the sweet nectar inside, the tubular flowers are perfect for the long beaks of hummingbirds.

 

Cardinal Flowers grow well in a garden setting. Plant it in an area with partial sun for a beautiful pop of red that will attract hummingbirds!

 


#43. Trumpet Honeysuckle

  • Lonicera sempervirens

Buy LIVE plants!

Also known as Scarlet Honeysuckle, Coral Honeysuckle, Honeysuckle, and Woodbine.

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 4b-9a
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 10-20 ft (3-6 m) tall
  • Bloom Time: Mid-Spring to Summer
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade

 

The red, trumpet-shaped flowers of Trumpet Honeysuckle are especially attractive to hummingbirds.

 

In addition to pollinators, birds are attracted to this wildflower in Louisiana because they eat its bright red berries. Purple Finches, goldfinches, Hermit Thrushes, American Robins, and quails are frequent visitors to Trumpet Honeysuckle vines.

 

It has similar features to the Trumpet Creeper, and many people get the two mixed up. However, a benefit of the Trumpet Honeysuckle is that it’s not as aggressive and does not get as big as the Trumpet Creeper. Because of this, Trumpet Honeysuckle may fit better in your garden.

 


#44. Spotted Touch-Me-Not

  • Impatiens capensis (formerly known as Impatiens biflora)

kinds of orange wildflowers

Also known as Orange Balsam, Orange Jewelweed, Jewelweed, Common Jewelweed, Spotted Jewelweed, Snapweed, Spotted Snap Weed, Silver Leaf, and Silver-cap.

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 2-11
  • Life Cycle: Annual
  • Approximate Mature Size: 24-60 in (61-152 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Summer
  • Sun Exposure: Shade to Partial Sun

 

Spotted Touch-Me-Not is famous for its yellowish-orange flowers with brown spots. As the name suggests, its seed pods will explode if you touch them!

 

Plant this wildflower in your yard if you want to attract birds!

 

The Spotted Touch-Me-Not comprises approximately one-tenth of the Ruby-throated Hummingbird’s diet. The long tubular flowers of the Spotted Touch-Me-Not are especially attractive to hummingbirds who use their slender beaks to collect the nectar. In addition to hummingbirds feasting on the nectar, the seeds are eaten by birds such as grouse and pheasants.

 


#45. Butterfly Weed

  • Asclepias tuberosa

species of orange wildflowers

Buy seeds HERE!

Also known as Orange Milkweed, Butterfly Milkweed, Chieger Flower, and Chiggerflower.

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-9
  • Life Cycle: Perennial
  • Approximate Mature Size: 18-36 in (46-91 cm) tall
  • Bloom Time: Summer
  • Sun Exposure: Full Sun or Partial Shade

 

You will find Butterfly Weed in many home gardens in Louisiana.

 

Look for a flat-topped, bright orange cluster of flowers. Butterflies and hummingbirds are particularly attracted to the Butterfly Weed because of its abundant nectar production.

 

Traditionally, Native Americans have chewed Butterfly Weed root to cure pleurisy, bronchitis, and other pulmonary ailments. In fact, its genus name Asclepias is a reference to Asklepios – the Greek god of medicine.

 


Do you want to dive deeper into all the wildflowers in Louisiana?

Then check out this field guide!

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Which of these wildflowers have you found in Louisiana?

 

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